Wheatland County is a rural sparsely populated county located in the central part of the state. Over 94% of land in Wheatland County is classified as farm land.

Overview

Population
2,236
County Size (acres)
910,388
Land in Farms (%)
94.5
Number of Farms
174
Median Farm Size (acres) 1,000
Average Farm Size (acres) 4,994

 

 

 

 

 

 
Source: Census of Agriculture: Table 1: County Summary Highlights: 2017  

Farm Revenue

Farm revenues (which includes the market value of products sold, government payments, and farm-related income) were nearly $47 million while production expenses were $35 million.  Government payments were 4.8% of farm expenses.

Market Value of Products Sold
$43,103,000
Government Payments
$2,221,000
Farm-Related Income
$1,359,000
Total Farm Production Expenses
$34,999,000
Net Farm Cash Income $11,684,000



 

 

 

Source: Census of Agriculture: Tables 2, 3, 4, 5 and 6:  2017   

Taxation

The market value of all property in Wheatland County was approximately $459 billion in 2019.  The taxable value assigned by the Montana Department of Revenue was $16 million.  Agricultural Property (as defined by Montana Department of Revenue as Class 3 Property) comprised 10% of the county's taxable value.

Property Tax Summary
2019
2014
Market Value of Property $459,334,914 $430,394,530
Taxable Value of All Property $16,892,710 $15,167,740
Taxable Value ofAgricultural Property $1,740,096 $1,696,003
Ag Taxable Value as % of All Property 10% 11%



 

 

 

Source: Montana Dept. of Rev. Montana Taxes by County in2018and Montana Taxes by County in2014  

Market Value of Crops and Livestock 

After adjusting for inflation, the market value of crops decreased by 11%, while the market value of livestock increased by 38%, from 1997 to 2017.

Market Value of Crops and Livestock-Wheatland County

Sources: Census of Agriculture: Table 1: County Summary Highlights: 2017 and St. Louis Fed Producer Price Index

Crops and Livestock

Cattle (56%) and other livestock (16%) comprised 72% of total crop and livestock sales in 2017.

 

Crops and Livestock-Wheatland County

Source: Census of Agriculture:  Table 2: County Summary Highlights: 2017

Farm Size by Acres 

The percentage of smaller farms, less than 500 acres, increased from 34% to 37%, while the percentage of larger farms, 500 acres or more, decreased from 66% to 63% from 2012 to 2017.

Farm Size
by Acres
2017 2012
Number of
Farms
% Number of
Farms
%
1 to 9 9 5 9 6
10 to 49 11 6 9 6
50 to 179 22 13 10 6
180 to 499     23 13 25 16
500 to 999 20 11 17 11
1,000 or more 89 51 84 55
TOTAL 174 100 154 100
Source: Census of Agriculture:  Table 2: County Summary Highlights: 2017

 
 

Farm Size by Sales

The percentage of the smallest farms with less than $100,000 in sales increased from 61% to 66%, while the percentage of the largest farms with sales of $100,000 or more decreased from 39% to 34% from 2012 to 2017.

Farm Size 
by Sales
2017 2012
Number of 
Farms
% Number of 
Farms
%
Less than 2,500 28 16 39 25
2,500 to 4,999 9 5 7 5
5,000 to 9,999 10 6 8 5
10,000 to 24,999 24 14 10 6
25,000 to 49,999 18 10 14 9
50,000 to 99,999 26 15 16 10
100,000 or more 59 34 60 39
TOTAL 174 100 154 100

Source: Census of Agriculture: Table 1: County Summary Highlights: 2017  

Tillage and Land Use

The percentage of farms using intensive tillage or cover crops increased, while the percentage of farms using no till decreased from 2012 to 2017.

 

Tillage
2017 2012
Number of 
Farms
% Number of 
Farms
%
No tillage 19 11 18 12
Reduced tillage 10 6 9 6
Intensive tillage 31 18 23 15
Cover crops 8 5 3 2
TOTAL 174   154  
Source: Census of Agriculture: Table 41 Land Use Practices
 

Producer Profile 

The county producer population was older than the Montana producer population. Thirty-one percent of county producers were under 55 years of age, while 43% were over 65 years of age. Thirty-four percent of the Montana producer population were under 55, while 36% were over 65 years of age. Sixty percent of producers in the county were males, while 60% of Montana producers were males. Farming was the primary occupation for 60% of county producers, while farming was the primary occupation for 50% of Montana producers.

 

Characteristics
County State
Number of 
Producers
% Number of 
Producers
%
Age
18 -25 6 2 570 1
25 to 34 24 7 3,285 7
35 to 44 34 10 5,179 11
45 to 54 41 12 7,309 15
55 to 64 84 25 13,838 29
65 to 74 117 35 11,469 24
75 and older 29 9 5,587 12
Gender
Male 202 60 28,563 60
Female 136 40 18,673 40
Primary Occupation
Yes 203 60 23,847 50
No 135 40 24,314 50
TOTAL PRODUCERS 338 100 48,161 100

 

 

 

 

 

 

Source: Census of Agriculture: Table 45 Selected Operation and Producer Characteristics  

Top Crops by Acre

The top crops were hay and haylage, winter wheat, spring wheat, barley, peas dry edible, durum wheat, lentils, and potatoes.

 

Tops Crops by Acre-Wheatland County

 Source: Census of Agriculture: Table 1: County Summary Highlights: 2017

Top Livestock  

The top livestock were cattle, sheep, hogs, and poultry (chicken-layers).

Livestock
Number of Head
Cattle 43,006
Hogs 17,083
Sheep 12,523
Chicken - Layers 248

 

 

 

 

 

Source: Census of Agriculture: Tables 11 (Cattle) and 13 (Sheep) and 19 (Poultry)

Employment Impact

Agricultural production employed 335 workers, or 43% of the county’s labor force.  According to IMPLAN, economic impact model, 215 of the workers were directly employed in production agriculture.  An additional 86 workers were employed in businesses supporting agricultural production, such as feed and fertilizer dealers, and another 34 workers were employed in other related businesses, such as grocery and drugs stores. For every 10 jobs on farms and ranches, 6 additional jobs are generated in the county.

 

Impact Type
Labor Force
Impact Multipliers
County Labor Force 784  
Direct Impact 215
Indirect Impact 86 0.40
Induced Impact 34 0.16
Total Impact 335 0.56
Agriculture Share (%) 43  

 

 

 

 

 

 

Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics, www.bls.gov/#cntyaa and IMPLAN Estimates

Value Added Impacts

Farms and ranches generated $25 million of value-added, or 34% of the county’s total gross domestic product of $73 million in 2017.  According to IMPLAN, $17.1 million was directly contributed by farmers and ranchers.  An additional $5.8 million was generated by businesses supporting agricultural production and $2 million was generated by other related businesses.  Each dollar of value-added in agriculture by a farmer or rancher contributes an additional $0.46 of value-added in other sectors of the county’s economy.

 

Impact Type
Labor Force
Impact Multipliers
County GDP* 73.0  
Direct Impact** 17.1
Indirect Impact** 5.8 0.34
Induced Impact** 2.0 0.12
Total Impact** 25.0 0.46
Agriculture Share (%) 34  










Sources:  * St. Louis Federal Reserve Bank, ** IMPLAN Estimates  

References


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