Valley County is a rural county located in the northeastern part of the state, and contains some of the Fort Peck Reservation. About 51% of land in Valley County is classified as farm land.

Overview

Population
7,347
County Size (acres)
3,152,703
Land in Farms (%)
51.7
Number of Farms
557
Median Farm Size (acres) 872
Average Farm Size (acres) 5,076

 

 

 

 

 

 
Source: Census of Agriculture: Table 1: County Summary Highlights: 2017  

Farm Revenue

Farm revenues (which includes the market value of products sold, government payments, and farm-related income) were $136 million while production expenses were nearly $113 million. Government payments were 9.9% of farm revenues.

Market Value of Products Sold
$96,553,000
Government Payments
$13,469,000
Farm-Related Income
$25,998,000
Total Farm Production Expenses
$112,756,000
Net Farm Cash Income $23,263,000



 

 

 

Source: Census of Agriculture: Tables 2, 3, 4, 5 and 6:  2017   

Taxation

The market value of all property in Valley County was approximately $1 billion in 2019.  The taxable value assigned by the Montana Department of Revenue was $31 million.  Agricultural Property (as defined by Montana Department of Revenue as Class 3 Property) comprised 18% of the county's taxable value.

Property Tax Summary
2019
2014
Market Value of Property $1,186,624,361 $674,183,984
Taxable Value of All Property $31,548,550 $25,731,407
Taxable Value ofAgricultural Property $5,561,293 $4,987,234
Ag Taxable Value as % of All Property 18% 19%



 

 

 

Source: Montana Dept. of Rev. Montana Taxes by County in2018and Montana Taxes by County in2014  

Market Value of Crops and Livestock 

After adjusting for inflation, the market value of crops increased by 36%, while the market value of livestock increased by 29%, from 1997 to 2017.

Market Value of Crops and Livestock-Valley County

Sources: Census of Agriculture: Table 1: County Summary Highlights: 2017 and St. Louis Fed Producer Price Index

Crops and Livestock

Cattle (44%) and grain (45%) comprised 89% of total crop and livestock sales in 2017.

 

Crops and Livestock-Valley County

Source: Census of Agriculture:  Table 2: County Summary Highlights: 2017

Farm Size by Acres 

The percentage of smaller farms, less than 500 acres, increased from 37% to 40%, while the percentage of larger farms, 500 acres or more, decreased from 63% to 60% from 2012 to 2017.

Farm Size
by Acres
2017 2012
Number of
Farms

%
Number of
Farms

%
1 to 9 11 2 26 4
10 to 49 41 7 31 5
50 to 179 76 14 82 13
180 to 499     97 17 105 16
500 to 999 62 11 115 18
1,000 or more 270 48 295 45
TOTAL 557 100 654 100
Source: Census of Agriculture:  Table 2: County Summary Highlights: 2017

Farm Size by Sales

The percentage of the smallest farms with less than $100,000 in sales decreased slightly from 62% to 61%, while the percentage of the largest farms with sales of $100,000 or more increased from 38% to 39% from 2012 to 2017.

Farm Size 
by Sales
2017 2012
Number of 
Farms

%
Number of 
Farms

%
Less than 2,500 150 27 207 32
2,500 to 4,999 28 5 14 2
5,000 to 9,999 32 6 23 4
10,000 to 24,999 34 6 40 6
25,000 to 49,999 46 8 64 10
50,000 to 99,999 52 9 56 9
100,000 or more 215 39 250 38
TOTAL 557 100 654 100

Source: Census of Agriculture: Table 1: County Summary Highlights: 2017  

Tillage and Land Use

TThe percentage of farms using no tillage, intensive tillage or cover crops decreased, while the percentage of farms using reduced tillage increased from 2012 to 2017.

 

Tillage
2017 2012
Number of 
Farms

%
Number of 
Farms

%
No tillage 135 24 173 26
Reduced tillage 102 18 95 15
Intensive tillage 49 9 148 23
Cover crops 5 1 11 2
TOTAL 557   654  
Source: Census of Agriculture: Table 41 Land Use Practices
 

Producer Profile 

The county producer population was about the same age as the Montana producer population. Thirty-three percent of county producers were under 55 years of age, while 34% were over 65 years of age. Thirty-four percent of the Montana producer population were under 55, while 36% were over 65 years of age. Sixty-five percent of producers in the county were males, while 60% of Montana producers were males. Farming was the primary occupation for 56% of county producers, while farming was the primary occupation for 50% of Montana producers.

 

Characteristics
County State
Number of 
Producers

%
Number of 
Producers

%
Age
18 -25 6 1 570 1
25 to 34 63 7 3,285 7
35 to 44 102 11 5,179 11
45 to 54 148 15 7,309 15
55 to 64 251 26 13,838 29
65 to 74 191 20 11,469 24
75 and older 138 14 5,587 12
Gender
Male 626 65 28,563 60
Female 336 35 18,673 40
Primary Occupation
Yes 540 56 23,847 50
No 422 44 24,314 50
TOTAL PRODUCERS 962 100 48,161 100

 

 

 

 

 

 

Source: Census of Agriculture: Table 45 Selected Operation and Producer Characteristics  

Top Crops by Acre

The top crops were spring wheat, hay & haylage, lentils, peas dry edible, durum wheat, canola, winter wheat, chickpeas, and barley.

 

Tops Crops by Acre-Valley County

 Source: Census of Agriculture: Table 1: County Summary Highlights: 2017

Top Livestock

The top livestock were cattle, sheep, and poultry (chicken –layers and broilers).

Livestock
Number of Head
Cattle 61,831
Sheep 554
Chicken - Layers 442
Chicken - Broilers 12

 

 

 

 

 

Source: Census of Agriculture: Tables 11 (Cattle) and 13 (Sheep) and 19 (Poultry)

Employment Impact

Agricultural production employed 887 workers, or 21% of the county’s labor force.  According to IMPLAN, economic impact model, 654 of the workers were directly employed in production agriculture.  An additional 203 workers were employed in businesses supporting agricultural production, such as feed and fertilizer dealers, and another 30 workers were employed in other related businesses, such as grocery and drugs stores. For every 10 jobs on farms and ranches, 4 additional jobs are generated in the county.

Impact Type
Labor Force
Impact Multipliers
County Labor Force 4,158  
Direct Impact 654
Indirect Impact 203 0.31
Induced Impact 30 0.05
Total Impact 887 0.36
Agriculture Share (%) 21  

 

 

 

 

 

 

Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics, www.bls.gov/#cntyaa and IMPLAN Estimates

Value Added Impacts

Farms and ranches generated $39.3 million of value-added, or 12% of the county’s total gross domestic product of $318 million in 2017.  According to IMPLAN, $25.4 million was directly contributed by farmers and ranchers.  An additional $12.2 million was generated by businesses supporting agricultural production and $1.8 million was generated by other related businesses.  Each dollar of value-added in agriculture by a farmer or rancher contributes an additional $0.55 of value-added in other sectors of the county’s economy.

 


Impact Type
Value-Added
($1 million)

Impact Multipliers
County GDP* 318.0  
Direct Impact** 25.4
Indirect Impact** 12.2 0.48
Induced Impact** 1.8 0.07
Total Impact** 39.3 0.55
Agriculture Share (%) 12  











Sources:  * St. Louis Federal Reserve Bank, ** IMPLAN Estimates  

References


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