Teton County is a rural county located in the northern part of the state. Over 61% of land in Teton County is classified as farm land.  

Overview

Population
6,162
County Size (acres)
1,453,826
Land in Farms (%)
61
Number of Farms
686
Median Farm Size (acres) 315
Average Farm Size (acres) 1,294

 

 

 

 

 

 
Source: Census of Agriculture: Table 1: County Summary Highlights: 2017  

Farm Revenue

Farm revenues (which includes the market value of products sold, government payments, and farm-related income) were $124 million while production expenses were over $99 million.  Government payments were 6.7% of farm revenues.

Market Value of Products Sold
$107,206,000
Government Payments
$8,367,000
Farm-Related Income
$8,571,000
Total Farm Production Expenses
$99,333,000
Net Farm Cash Income $24,811,000



 

 

 

Source: Census of Agriculture: Tables 2, 3, 4, 5 and 6:  2017   

Taxation

The market value of all property in Teton County was approximately $1 billion in 2019.  The taxable value assigned by the Montana Department of Revenue was $22 million.  Agricultural Property (as defined by Montana Department of Revenue as Class 3 Property) comprised 24% of the county's taxable value.

Property Tax Summary
2019
2014
Market Value of Property $1,090,580,250 $659,738,176
Taxable Value of All Property $22,250,875 $16,344,705 
Taxable Value ofAgricultural Property $5,380,328 $4,526,30
Ag Taxable Value as % of All Property 24% 28%



 

 

 

Source: Montana Dept. of Rev. Montana Taxes by County in2018and Montana Taxes by County in2014  

Market Value of Crops and Livestock 

After adjusting for inflation, the market value of crops decreased by 1.2%, while the market value of livestock decreased by 1%, from 1997 to 2017.

Market Value of Crops and Livestock for Teton County

Sources: Census of Agriculture: Table 1: County Summary Highlights: 2017 and St. Louis Fed Producer Price Index

Crops and Livestock

Grain (37%) and cattle (29%) comprised 66% of total crop and livestock sales in 2017.

Crops and Livestock-Teton County

Source: Census of Agriculture:  Table 2: County Summary Highlights: 2017

Farm Size by Acres 

The percentage of smaller farms, less than 500 acres, increased from 56% to 63%, while the percentage of larger farms, 500 acres or more, decreased from 44% to 37% from 2012 to 2017.

Farm Size
by Acres
2017 2012
Number of
Farms

%
Number of
Farms

%
1 to 9 37 5 31 4
10 to 49 125 18 95 13
50 to 179 111 16 121 16
180 to 499     157 23 170 23
500 to 999 76 11 97 13
1,000 or more 180 26 228 31
TOTAL 686 100 742 100
Source: Census of Agriculture:  Table 2: County Summary Highlights: 2017

Farm Size by Sales

The percentage of the smallest farms with less than $100,000 in sales increased from 67% to 71%, while the percentage of the largest farms with sales of $100,000 or more decreased from 33% to 29% from 2012 to 2017.

Farm Size 
by Sales
2017 2012
Number of 
Farms

%
Number of 
Farms

%
Less than 2,500 268 39 248 33
2,500 to 4,999 21 3 37 5
5,000 to 9,999 41 6 38 5
10,000 to 24,999 35 5 67 9
25,000 to 49,999 51 7 37 5
50,000 to 99,999 71 10 73 10
100,000 or more 199 29 242 33
TOTAL 686 100 742 100

Source: Census of Agriculture: Table 1: County Summary Highlights: 2017  

Tillage and Land Use

The percentage of farms using no till, reduced tillage, intensive tillage or cover crops decreased from 2012 to 2017.

Tillage
2017 2012
Number of 
Farms

%
Number of 
Farms

%
No tillage 114 17 162 22
Reduced tillage 59 9 72 10
Intensive tillage 95 14 162 22
Cover crops 28 4 30 4
TOTAL 686   742  
Source: Census of Agriculture: Table 41 Land Use Practices
 

Producer Profile 

The county producer population was slightly younger than the Montana producer population.  Thirty-nine percent of county producers were under 55 years of age, while 33% were over 65 years of age. Thirty-four percent of the Montana producer population were under 55, while 33% were over 65 years of age. Sixty percent of producers in the county were males, while 60% of Montana producers were males. Farming was the primary occupation for 60% of county producers, while farming was the primary occupation for 50% of Montana producers.

 

Characteristics
County State
Number of 
Producers

%
Number of 
Producers

%
Age
18 -25 23 2 570 1
25 to 34 89 8 3,285 7
35 to 44 149 13 5,179 11
45 to 54 194 17 7,309 15
55 to 64 309 27 13,838 29
65 to 74 262 23 11,469 24
75 and older 120 10 5,587 12
Gender
Male 703 60 28,563 60
Female 459 40 18,673 40
Primary Occupation
Yes 698 60 23,847 50
No 464 40 24,314 50
TOTAL PRODUCERS 1,162 100 48,161 100

 

 

 

 

 

 

Source: Census of Agriculture: Table 45 Selected Operation and Producer Characteristics  

Top Crops by Acre

The top crops were winter wheat, barley, hay and haylage, spring wheat, chickpeas, durum wheat, lentils, peas dry edible, canola, and mustard.

 

Tops Crops by Acre-Teton County

 Source: Census of Agriculture: Table 1: County Summary Highlights: 2017

Top Livestock

The top livestock were poultry (chicken-layers), cattle and sheep.

Livestock
Number of Head
Chicken - Layers 69,282
Cattle 46,002
Sheep 6,849

 

 

 

 

Source: Census of Agriculture: Tables 11 (Cattle) and 13 (Sheep) and 19 (Poultry)

Employment Impact

Agricultural production employed 1,326 workers, or 48% of the county’s labor force.  According to IMPLAN, economic impact model, 834 of the workers were directly employed in production agriculture.  An additional 424 workers were employed in businesses supporting agricultural production, such as feed and fertilizer dealers, and another 68 workers were employed in other related businesses, such as grocery and drugs stores. For every 10 jobs on farms and ranches, 6 additional jobs are generated in the county.

Impact Type
Labor Force
Impact Multipliers
County Labor Force 2,779  
Direct Impact 834
Indirect Impact 424 0.51
Induced Impact 68 0.08
Total Impact 1,326 0.59
Agriculture Share (%) 48  

 

 

 

 

 

 

Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics, www.bls.gov/#cntyaa and IMPLAN Estimates

Value Added Impacts

Farms and ranches generated $51.2 million of value-added, or 25% of the county’s total gross domestic product of $206 million in 2017.  According to IMPLAN, $26.1 million was directly contributed by farmers and ranchers.  An additional $21.1 million was generated by businesses supporting agricultural production and $4 million was generated by other related businesses.  Each dollar of value-added in agriculture by a farmer or rancher contributes an additional $0.96 of value-added in other sectors of the county’s economy.

 

Impact Type
Value-Added
($1 million)
Impact Multipliers
County GDP* 206.0  
Direct Impact** 26.1
Indirect Impact** 21.1 0.81
Induced Impact** 4.0 0.15
Total Impact** 51.2 0.96
Agriculture Share (%) 25  











Sources:  * St. Louis Federal Reserve Bank, ** IMPLAN Estimates  

References


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