Stillwater County is a rural county located in the south central part of the state.  Over 66% of land in Stillwater County is classified as farm land. 

Overview

Population
9,534
County Size (acres)
1,149,917
Land in Farms (%)
66.3
Number of Farms
562
Median Farm Size (acres) 280
Average Farm Size (acres) 1,357

 

 

 

 

 

 
Source: Census of Agriculture: Table 1: County Summary Highlights: 2017 

Farm Revenue

Farm revenues (which includes the market value of products sold, government payments, and farm-related income) were over $61 million while production expenses were $48 million.  Government payments were 6.8% of farm revenues.

Market Value of Products Sold
$51,455,000
Government Payments
$4,175,000
Farm-Related Income
$5,843,000
Total Farm Production Expenses
$48,040,000
Net Farm Cash Income $13,432,000



 

 

 

Source: Census of Agriculture: Tables 2, 3, 4, 5 and 6:  2017   

Taxation

The market value of all property in Stillwater County was approximately $2 billion in 2019.  The taxable value assigned by the Montana Department of Revenue was $50 million.  Agricultural Property (as defined by Montana Department of Revenue as Class 3 Property) comprised 4% of the county's taxable value.

Property Tax Summary
2019
2014
Market Value of Property $2,097,188,647 $1,186,286,850 
Taxable Value of All Property $50,054,082 $36,702,942
Taxable Value ofAgricultural Property $1,996,167 $1,938,769
Ag Taxable Value as % of All Property 4% 5%



 

 

 

Source: Montana Dept. of Rev. Montana Taxes by County in2018and Montana Taxes by County in2014  

Market Value of Crops and Livestock 

After adjusting for inflation, the market value of crops increased by 26%, while the market value of livestock increased by 13%, from 1997 to 2017.

 

Market Value of Crops and Livestock-Stillwater County

Sources: Census of Agriculture: Table 1: County Summary Highlights: 2017 and St. Louis Fed Producer Price Index

Crops and Livestock

Cattle (63%) and hay and other crops (15%) comprised 78% of total crop and livestock sales in 2017.

Crops and Livestock-Stillwater County

Source: Census of Agriculture:  Table 2: County Summary Highlights: 2017

Farm Size by Acres 

The percentage of smaller farms, less than 500 acres, increased from 56% to 59%, while the percentage of larger farms, 500 acres or more, decreased from 44% to 41% from 2012 to 2017.

Farm Size
by Acres
2017 2012
Number of
Farms

%
Number of
Farms

%
1 to 9 25 4 39 7
10 to 49 103 18 90 15
50 to 179 102 18 113 19
180 to 499     100 18 92 16
500 to 999 70 12 76 13
1,000 or more 162 29 183 31
TOTAL 562 100 593 100
Source: Census of Agriculture:  Table 2: County Summary Highlights: 2017

Farm Size by Sales

The percentage of the smallest farms with less than $100,000 in sales decreased slightly from 81% to 80%, while the percentage of the largest farms with sales of $100,000 or more increased slightly from 19% to 20% from 2012 to 2017.

Farm Size 
by Sales
2017 2012
Number of 
Farms

%
Number of 
Farms

%
Less than 2,500 183 33 212 36
2,500 to 4,999 31 6 42 7
5,000 to 9,999 35 6 51 9
10,000 to 24,999 67 12 70 12
25,000 to 49,999 65 12 52 9
50,000 to 99,999 67 12 55 9
100,000 or more 114 20 111 19
TOTAL 562 100 593 100

Source: Census of Agriculture: Table 1: County Summary Highlights: 2017  

Tillage and Land Use

The percentage of farms using no till or reduced tillage increased, while the percentage of farms using intensive tillage decreased from 2012 to 2017.

Tillage
2017 2012
Number of 
Farms

%
Number of 
Farms

%
No tillage 69 12 57 10
Reduced tillage 29 5 21 4
Intensive tillage 50 9 83 14
Cover crops 25 4 24 4
TOTAL 562   593  
Source: Census of Agriculture: Table 41 Land Use Practices
 

Producer Profile 

The county producer population was slightly younger than the Montana producer population. Thirty-two percent of county producers were under 55 years of age, while 34% were over 65 years of age. Thirty-four percent of the Montana producer population were under 55, while 36% were over 65 years of age. Fifty-nine percent of producers in the county were males, while 60% of Montana producers were males. Farming was the primary occupation for 57% of county producers, while farming was the primary occupation for 50% of Montana producers.

 

Characteristics
County State
Number of 
Producers

%
Number of 
Producers

%
Age
18 -25 20 2 570 1
25 to 34 58 6 3,285 7
35 to 44 108 11 5,179 11
45 to 54 135 13 7,309 15
55 to 64 336 33 13,838 29
65 to 74 246 24 11,469 24
75 and older 94 9 5,587 12
Gender
Male 594 59 28,563 60
Female 420 41 18,673 40
Primary Occupation
Yes 581 57 23,847 50
No 433 43 24,314 50
TOTAL PRODUCERS

1,014

100 48,161 100

 

 

 

 

 

 

Source: Census of Agriculture: Table 45 Selected Operation and Producer Characteristics  

Top Crops by Acre

The top crops were hay and haylage, winter wheat, barley, and peas dry edible.

 

Tops Crops by Acre-Stillwater County

 Source: Census of Agriculture: Table 1: County Summary Highlights: 2017

Top Livestock

The top livestock were cattle, sheep, hogs, and poultry (chickens and turkeys).

Livestock
Number of Head
Cattle 46,755
Sheep 13,497
Chicken - Layers 896
Hogs 291
Turkeys 23
Chicken - Broilers 21

 

 

 

 

 

 

Source: Census of Agriculture: Tables 11 (Cattle) and 13 (Sheep) and 19 (Poultry)

Employment Impact

Agricultural production employed 1,172 workers, or 24% of the county’s labor force.  According to IMPLAN, economic impact model, 717 of the workers were directly employed in production agriculture.  An additional 423 workers were employed in businesses supporting agricultural production, such as feed and fertilizer dealers, and another 32 workers were employed in other related businesses, such as grocery and drugs stores. For every 10 jobs on farms and ranches, 6 additional jobs are generated in the county.

Impact Type
Labor Force
Impact Multipliers
County Labor Force 4,841  
Direct Impact 717
Indirect Impact 423 0.59
Induced Impact 32 0.04
Total Impact 1,172 0.63
Agriculture Share (%) 24  

 

 

 

 

 

 

Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics, www.bls.gov/#cntyaa and IMPLAN Estimates

Value Added Impacts

Farms and ranches generated $38.1 million of value-added, or 7% of the county’s total gross domestic product of $552 million in 2017.  According to IMPLAN, $20.5 million was directly contributed by farmers and ranchers.  An additional $15.6 million was generated by businesses supporting agricultural production and $2 million was generated by other related businesses.  Each dollar of value-added in agriculture by a farmer or rancher contributes an additional $0.86 of value-added in other sectors of the county’s economy.


Impact Type
Value-Added
($1 million)

Impact Multipliers
County GDP* 552.0  
Direct Impact** 20.5
Indirect Impact** 15.6 0.76
Induced Impact** 2.0 0.10
Total Impact** 38.1 0.86
Agriculture Share (%) 7  











Sources:  * St. Louis Federal Reserve Bank, ** IMPLAN Estimates  

References


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