Roosevelt County is located in the eastern portion of the state, containing most of the Fort Peck Reservation. Over 86% of land in Roosevelt County is classified as farm land.

Overview

Population
11,059
County Size (acres)
1,506,842
Land in Farms (%)
86.7
Number of Farms
501
Median Farm Size (acres) 1,060
Average Farm Size (acres) 2,610

 

 

 

 

 

 
Source: Census of Agriculture: Table 1: County Summary Highlights: 2017

Farm Revenue

Farm revenue (which includes the market value of products sold, government payments, and farm-related income) were $99 million while production expenses were nearly $85 million.  Government payments were 13.8% of farm revenues.

Market Value of Products Sold
$64,131,000
Government Payments
$13,696,000
Farm-Related Income
$21,302,000
Total Farm Production Expenses
$84,878,000
Net Farm Cash Income $14,251,000



 

 

 

Source: Census of Agriculture: Tables 2, 3, 4, 5 and 6:  2017   

Taxation

The market value of all property in Roosevelt County was approximately $1 billion in 2019.  The taxable value assigned by the Montana Department of Revenue was $33 million.  Agricultural Property (as defined by Montana Department of Revenue as Class 3 Property) comprised 14% of the county's taxable value.

Property Tax Summary
2019
2014
Market Value of Property $1,028,678,932 $756,377,070
Taxable Value of All Property $33,451,232 $28,646,367
Taxable Value ofAgricultural Property $4,886,027 $3,936,894
Ag Taxable Value as % of All Property 14.55% 13.74%



 

 

 

Source: Montana Dept. of Rev. Montana Taxes by County in2018and Montana Taxes by County in2014  

Market Value of Crops and Livestock 

After adjusting for inflation, the market value of crops decreased by 3%, while the market value of livestock increased by 47%, from 1997 to 2017.

Market Value of Crops and Livestock-Roosevelt County

Sources: Census of Agriculture: Table 1: County Summary Highlights: 2017 and St. Louis Fed Producer Price Index

Crops and Livestock

Grain (62%) and cattle (28%) comprised 91% of total crop and livestock sales in 2017.


Crops and Livestock-Roosevelt County

Source: Census of Agriculture:  Table 2: County Summary Highlights: 2017

Farm Size by Acres 

The percentage of smaller farms, less than 500 acres, and larger farms, 500 acres or more, were unchanged from 2012 to 2017.

Farm Size
by Acres
2017 2012
Number of
Farms

%
Number of
Farms

%
1 to 9 0 0 3 0
10 to 49 37 7 33 5
50 to 179 67 13 70 12
180 to 499     79 16 177 19
500 to 999 58 12 113 19
1,000 or more 260 52 270 45
TOTAL 501 100 606 100
Source: Census of Agriculture:  Table 2: County Summary Highlights: 2017

Farm Size by Sales

The percentage of the smallest farms with less than $100,000 in sales increased from 66% to 69%, while the percentage of the largest farms with sales of $100,000 or more decreased from 34% to 31% from 2012 to 2017.

Farm Size 
by Sales
2017 2012
Number of 
Farms

%
Number of 
Farms

%
Less than 2,500 158 32 224 37
2,500 to 4,999 23 5 8 1
5,000 to 9,999 23 5 22 4
10,000 to 24,999 46 9 42 7
25,000 to 49,999 54 11 49 8
50,000 to 99,999 44 9 52 9
100,000 or more 153 31 209 34
TOTAL 501 100 606 100

Source: Census of Agriculture: Table 1: County Summary Highlights: 2017  

Tillage and Land Use

The percentage of farms using no till or reduced tillage increased, while the percentage of farms using intensive tillage decreased from 2012 to 2017.

Tillage
2017 2012
Number of 
Farms

%
Number of 
Farms

%
No tillage 169 34 150 25
Reduced tillage 97 19 96 16
Intensive tillage 37 7 96 16
Cover crops 9 2 18 3
TOTAL 501   606  
Source: Census of Agriculture: Table 41 Land Use Practices
 

Producer Profile 

The county producer population was older than the Montana producer population. Twenty-seven percent of county producers were under 55 years of age, while 40% were over 65 years of age. Thirty-four percent of the Montana producer population were under 55, while 36% were over 65 years of age. Sixty-six percent of producers in the county were males, while 60% of Montana producers were males. Farming was the primary occupation for 52% of county producers, while farming was the primary occupation for 50% of Montana producers.

Characteristics
County State
Number of 
Producers

%
Number of 
Producers

%
Age
18 -25 5 1 570 1
25 to 34 38 4 3,285 7
35 to 44 95 10 5,179 11
45 to 54 109 12 7,309 15
55 to 64 242 26 13,838 29
65 to 74 259 28 11,469 24
75 and older 111 12 5,587 12
Gender
Male 617 66 28,563 60
Female 314 34 18,673 40
Primary Occupation
Yes 481 52 23,847 50
No 450 48 24,314 50
TOTAL PRODUCERS

931

100 48,161 100

 

 

 

 

 

 

Source: Census of Agriculture: Table 45 Selected Operation and Producer Characteristics  

Top Crops by Acre

The top crops were spring and durum wheat, hay and haylage, lentils, peas dry edible, canola, chickpeas, winter wheat, and barley.

Tops Crops by Acre-Roosevelt County

 Source: Census of Agriculture: Table 1: County Summary Highlights: 2017

Top Livestock

The top livestock were cattle, sheep, hogs, and poultry (chickens).

Livestock
Number of Head
Cattle 27,228
Sheep 598
Chicken - Layers 349
Hogs 95

 

 

 

 

Source: Census of Agriculture: Tables 11 (Cattle) and 13 (Sheep) and 19 (Poultry)

Employment Impact

Agricultural production employed 638 workers, or 14% of the county’s labor force.  According to IMPLAN, economic impact model, 474 of the workers were directly employed in production agriculture.  An additional 155 workers were employed in businesses supporting agricultural production, such as feed and fertilizer dealers, and another 9 workers were employed in other related businesses, such as grocery and drugs stores. For every 10 jobs on farms and ranches, 4 additional jobs are generated in the county.

 

Impact Type
Labor Force
Impact Multipliers
County Labor Force 4,567  
Direct Impact 474
Indirect Impact 155 0.33
Induced Impact 9 0.02
Total Impact 638 0.35
Agriculture Share (%) 14  

 

 

 

 

 

 

Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics, www.bls.gov/#cntyaa and IMPLAN Estimates

Value Added Impacts

Farms and ranches generated $22.7 million of value-added, or 6% of the county’s total gross domestic product of $405 million in 2017.  According to IMPLAN, $13.5 million was directly contributed by farmers and ranchers.  An additional $8.6 million was generated by businesses supporting agricultural production and $0.5 million was generated by other related businesses.  Each dollar of value-added in agriculture by a farmer or rancher contributes an additional $0.68 of value-added in other sectors of the county’s economy.

 


Impact Type
Value-Added
($1 million)

Impact Multipliers
County GDP* 405.0  
Direct Impact** 13.5
Indirect Impact** 8.6 0.64
Induced Impact** 0.5 0.04
Total Impact** 22.7 0.68
Agriculture Share (%) 6  











Sources:  * St. Louis Federal Reserve Bank, ** IMPLAN Estimates  

References


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