Richland County is located in the far eastern portion of the state, bordering North Dakota to the east.  Over 95% of land in Richland County is classified as farm land.

Overview

Population
10,913
County Size (acres)
1,333,941
Land in Farms (%)
95.2
Number of Farms
527
Median Farm Size (acres) 1,000
Average Farm Size (acres) 2,410

 

 

 

 

 

 
Source: Census of Agriculture: Table 1: County Summary Highlights: 2017

Farm Revenue

Farm revenue (which includes the market value of products sold, government payments, and farm-related income) were over $120 million while production expenses were $92 million. Government payments were 8.5% of farm revenues.

Market Value of Products Sold
$100,103,000
Government Payments
$10,227,000
Farm-Related Income
$10,241,000
Total Farm Production Expenses
$92,239,000
Net Farm Cash Income $28,331,000



 

 

 

Source: Census of Agriculture: Tables 2, 3, 4, 5 and 6:  2017   

Taxation

The market value of all property in Richland County was approximately $2 billion in 2019.  The taxable value assigned by the Montana Department of Revenue was $56 million.  Agricultural Property (as defined by Montana Department of Revenue as Class 3 Property) comprised 8% of the county's taxable value.

Property Tax Summary
2019
2014
Market Value of Property $2,087,471,183 $1,213,071,434 
Taxable Value of All Property $56,658,262 $46,109,965 
Taxable Value ofAgricultural Property $4,546,955 $3,764,091 
Ag Taxable Value as % of All Property 8.03% 8.16%



 

 

 

Source: Montana Dept. of Rev. Montana Taxes by County in2018and Montana Taxes by County in2014  

Market Value of Crops and Livestock 

After adjusting for inflation, the market value of crops increased by 4%, while the market value of livestock increased by 56%, from 1997 to 2017.

Market Value of Crops and Livestock-Richland County

Sources: Census of Agriculture: Table 1: County Summary Highlights: 2017 and St. Louis Fed Producer Price Index

Crops and Livestock

Cattle (44%) and hay and other crops (26%) comprised 70% of total crop and livestock sales in 2017.


Crops and Livestock-Richland County

Source: Census of Agriculture:  Table 2: County Summary Highlights: 2017

Farm Size by Acres 

The percentage of smaller farms, less than 500 acres, increased from 33% to 38%, while the percentage of larger farms, 500 acres or more, decreased from 67% to 62% from 2012 to 2017.

Farm Size
by Acres
2017 2012
Number of
Farms

%
Number of
Farms

%
1 to 9 28 5 29 5
10 to 49 43 8 40 7
50 to 179 44 8 45 8
180 to 499     84 16 64 12
500 to 999 61 12 88 16
1,000 or more 261 51 278 51
TOTAL 527 100 544 100
Source: Census of Agriculture:  Table 2: County Summary Highlights: 2017

Farm Size by Sales

The percentage of the smallest farms with less than $100,000 in sales increased from 62% to 65%, while the percentage of the largest farms with sales of $100,000 or more decreased from 38% to 35% from 2012 to 2017.

Farm Size 
by Sales
2017 2012
Number of 
Farms

%
Number of 
Farms

%
Less than 2,500 161 31 144 26
2,500 to 4,999 18 3 13 2
5,000 to 9,999 29 6 32 6
10,000 to 24,999 31 6 41 8
25,000 to 49,999 39 7 46 8
50,000 to 99,999 64 12 61 11
100,000 or more 185 35 207 38
TOTAL 527 100 544 100

Source: Census of Agriculture: Table 1: County Summary Highlights: 2017  

Tillage and Land Use

The percentage of farms using reduced tillage increased, while the percentage of farms using no till or intensive tillage decreased from 2012 to 2017.

Tillage
2017 2012
Number of 
Farms

%
Number of 
Farms

%
No tillage 112 21 118 22
Reduced tillage 102 19 90 17
Intensive tillage 85 16 152 28
Cover crops 34 6 35 6
TOTAL 527   544  
Source: Census of Agriculture: Table 41 Land Use Practices
 

Producer Profile 

The county producer population was slightly older than the Montana producer population. Thirty-three percent of county producers were under 55 years of age, while 32% were over 65 years of age. Thirty-four percent of the Montana producer population were under 55, while 36% were over 65 years of age. Sixty-five percent of producers in the county were males, while 60% of Montana producers were males. Farming was the primary occupation for 53% of county producers, while farming was the primary occupation for 50% of Montana producers.

Characteristics
County State
Number of 
Producers

%
Number of 
Producers

%
Age
18 -25 2 0 570 1
25 to 34 95 10 3,285 7
35 to 44 94 10 5,179 11
45 to 54 120 13 7,309 15
55 to 64 294 32 13,838 29
65 to 74 194 21 11,469 24
75 and older 99 11 5,587 12
Gender
Male 604 65 28,563 60
Female 326 35 18,673 40
Primary Occupation
Yes 495 53 23,847 50
No 435 47 24,314 50
TOTAL PRODUCERS

930

100 48,161 100

 

 

 

 

 

 

Source: Census of Agriculture: Table 45 Selected Operation and Producer Characteristics  

Top Crops by Acre

The top crops were spring wheat, hay & haylage, durum wheat, peas dry edible, winter wheat, lentils, canola, barley and safflower.

Tops Crops by Acre-Richland County

 Source: Census of Agriculture: Table 1: County Summary Highlights: 2017

Top Livestock

The top livestock were cattle, sheep, hogs, and poultry (chickens).

Livestock
Number of Head
Cattle 63,288
Sheep 4,613
Chicken - Layers 573
Chicken - Broilers 23
Hogs 19

 

 

 

 



Source: Census of Agriculture: Tables 11 (Cattle) and 13 (Sheep) and 19 (Poultry)

Employment Impact

Agricultural production employed 1,007 workers, or 17% of the county’s labor force.  According to IMPLAN, economic impact model, 612 of the workers were directly employed in production agriculture.  An additional 301 workers were employed in businesses supporting agricultural production, such as feed and fertilizer dealers, and another 94 workers were employed in other related businesses, such as grocery and drugs stores. For every 10 jobs on farms and ranches, 7 additional jobs are generated in the county.

 

Impact Type
Labor Force
Impact Multipliers
County Labor Force 5,970  
Direct Impact 612
Indirect Impact 301 0.49
Induced Impact 94 0.15
Total Impact 1,007 0.65
Agriculture Share (%) 17  

 

 

 

 

 

 

Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics, www.bls.gov/#cntyaa and IMPLAN Estimates

Value Added Impacts

Farms and ranches generated $63.2 million of value-added, or 7% of the county’s total gross domestic product of $852 million in 2017.  According to IMPLAN, $35.1 million was directly contributed by farmers and ranchers.  An additional $21.4 million was generated by businesses supporting agricultural production and $6.7 million was generated by other related businesses.  Each dollar of value-added in agriculture by a farmer or rancher contributes an additional $0.80 of value-added in other sectors of the county’s economy.


Impact Type
Value-Added
($1 million)

Impact Multipliers
County GDP* 852.0  
Direct Impact** 35.1
Indirect Impact** 21.4 0.61
Induced Impact** 6.7 0.19
Total Impact** 63.2 0.80
Agriculture Share (%) 7  











Sources:  * St. Louis Federal Reserve Bank, ** IMPLAN Estimates  

References


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