Ravalli County is a fast growing county located in the western part of the state, just south of Missoula. About 15% of land in Ravalli County is classified as farm land. 

Overview

Population
43,172
County Size (acres)
1,530,228
Land in Farms (%)
15.8
Number of Farms
1,576
Median Farm Size (acres) 20
Average Farm Size (acres) 153

 

 

 

 

 

 
Source: Census of Agriculture: Table 1: County Summary Highlights: 2017

Farm Revenue

Farm revenue (which includes the market value of products sold, government payments, and farm-related income) were nearly $48 million while production expenses were $46 million. Government payments were only 0.5% of farm revenues.

Market Value of Products Sold
$42,662,000
Government Payments
$245,000
Farm-Related Income
4,811,000
Total Farm Production Expenses
$46,264,000
Net Farm Cash Income $1,455,000



 

 

 

Source: Census of Agriculture: Tables 2, 3, 4, 5 and 6:  2017   

Taxation

The market value of all property in Ravalli County was approximately $6 billion in 2019.  The taxable value assigned by the Montana Department of Revenue was $89 million.  Agricultural Property (as defined by Montana Department of Revenue as Class 3 Property) comprised 1.35% of the county's taxable value.

Property Tax Summary
2019
2014
Market Value of Property $5,963,822,909 $3,731,346,912
Taxable Value of All Property $89,134,942 $79,394,481
Taxable Value ofAgricultural Property $1,204,428 $1,024,817
Ag Taxable Value as % of All Property 1.35% 1.29%



 

 

 

Source: Montana Dept. of Rev. Montana Taxes by County in2018and Montana Taxes by County in2014  

Market Value of Crops and Livestock 

After adjusting for inflation, the market value of crops increased by 38%, while the market value of livestock increased by 10%, from 1997 to 2017.

Market Value of Crops and Livestock-Ravalli County

Sources: Census of Agriculture: Table 1: County Summary Highlights: 2017 and St. Louis Fed Producer Price Index

Crops and Livestock

Cattle (57%) and hay (19%) comprised 76% of total crop and livestock sales in 2017.


Crops and Livestock-Ravalli County

Source: Census of Agriculture:  Table 2: County Summary Highlights: 2017

Farm Size by Acres 

The percentage of smaller farms, less than 500 acres, increased slightly from 94% to 95%, while the percentage of larger farms, 500 acres or more, decreased from 6% to 5% from 2012 to 2017.

Farm Size
by Acres
2017 2012
Number of
Farms

%
Number of
Farms

%
1 to 9 431 27 297 21
10 to 49 744 47 704 49
50 to 179 201 13 256 18
180 to 499     121 8 99 7
500 to 999 31 2 43 3
1,000 or more 48 3 39 3
TOTAL 1576 100 1438 100
Source: Census of Agriculture:  Table 2: County Summary Highlights: 2017

Farm Size by Sales

The percentage of the smallest farms with less than $100,000 in sales and the largest farms with sales of $100,000 or more were unchanged from 2012 to 2017.

Farm Size 
by Sales
2017 2012
Number of 
Farms

%
Number of 
Farms

%
Less than 2,500 828 53 701 49
2,500 to 4,999 194 12 207 14
5,000 to 9,999 174 11 165 11
10,000 to 24,999 150 10 169 12
25,000 to 49,999 82 5 72 5
50,000 to 99,999 76 5 46 3
100,000 or more 72 5 78 5
TOTAL 1576 100 1438 100

Source: Census of Agriculture: Table 1: County Summary Highlights: 2017  

Tillage and Land Use

The percentage of farms using no till or reduced tillage increased, while the percentage of farms using intensive tillage decreased from 2012 to 2017.

Tillage
2017 2012
Number of 
Farms

%
Number of 
Farms

%
No tillage 43 3 32 2
Reduced tillage 26 2 11 1
Intensive tillage 76 5 124 9
Cover crops 50 3 42 3
TOTAL 1576   1438  
Source: Census of Agriculture: Table 41 Land Use Practices
 

Producer Profile 

The county producer population was older than the Montana producer population. Twenty-six percent of county producers were under 55 years of age, while 42% were over 65 years of age. Thirty-four percent of the Montana producer population were under 55, while 36% were over 65 years of age. Fifty-three percent of producers in the county were males, while 60% of Montana producers were males. Farming was the primary occupation for 39% of county producers, while farming was the primary occupation for 50% of Montana producers.

Characteristics
County State
Number of 
Producers

%
Number of 
Producers

%
Age
18 -25 25 1 570 1
25 to 34 101 4 3,285 7
35 to 44 223 8 5,179 11
45 to 54 362 13 7,309 15
55 to 64 888 32 13,838 29
65 to 74 833 30 11,469 24
75 and older 323 12 5,587 12
Gender
Male 1,460 53 28,563 60
Female 1,314 47 18,673 40
Primary Occupation
Yes 1,084 39 23,847 50
No 1,690 61 24,314 50
TOTAL PRODUCERS 2,774 100 48,161 100

 

 

 

 

 

 

Source: Census of Agriculture: Table 45 Selected Operation and Producer Characteristics  

Top Crops by Acres

The top crops were hay and haylage, spring wheat, winter wheat, barley, durum wheat and lentils.

Tops Crops by Acre-Ravalli County

 Source: Census of Agriculture: Table 1: County Summary Highlights: 2017

Top Livestock

The top livestock were cattle, sheep, and hogs, and poultry (chickens and turkeys).

Livestock
Number of Head
Cattle 27,032
Chicken - Layers 6,031
Sheep 2,216
Chicken - Broilers 566
Turkeys 347
Hogs 227

 

 

 

 





Source: Census of Agriculture: Tables 11 (Cattle) and 13 (Sheep) and 19 (Poultry)

Employment Impact

Agricultural production employed 2,472 workers, or 13% of the county’s labor force.  According to IMPLAN, economic impact model, 1,917 of the workers were directly employed in production agriculture.  An additional 535 workers were employed in businesses supporting agricultural production, such as feed and fertilizer dealers, and another 20 workers were employed in other related businesses, such a grocery and drugs stores. For every 10 jobs on farms and ranches, 3 additional jobs are generated in the county.

Impact Type
Labor Force
Impact Multipliers
County Labor Force 19,763  
Direct Impact 1,917
Indirect Impact 535 0.28
Induced Impact 20 0.01
Total Impact 2,472 0.29
Agriculture Share (%) 13  

 

 

 

 

 

 

Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics, www.bls.gov/#cntyaa and IMPLAN Estimates

Value Added Impacts

Farms and ranches generated $33.1 million of value-added, or 3% of the county’s total gross domestic product of $1,059 million in 2017.  According to IMPLAN, $20.2 million was directly contributed by farmers and ranchers.  An additional $12 million was generated by businesses supporting agricultural production and $1 million was generated by other related businesses.  Each dollar of value-added in agriculture by a farmer or rancher contributes an additional $0.64 of value-added in other sectors of the county’s economy.


Impact Type
Value-Added
($1 million)

Impact Multipliers
County GDP* 1,059.0  
Direct Impact** 20.2
Indirect Impact** 12.0 0.59
Induced Impact** 1.0 0.05
Total Impact** 33.1 0.64
Agriculture Share (%) 3  











Sources:  * St. Louis Federal Reserve Bank, ** IMPLAN Estimates  

References


Montana State University Extension is an ADA/EO/AA/Veteran’s Preference
Employer and Provider of Educational Outreach.