Powell County is a rural county located in the western part of the state.  About 38% of land in Powell County is classified as farm land.

Overview

Population
6,968
County Size (acres)
1,488,674
Land in Farms (%)
38.4
Number of Farms
254
Median Farm Size (acres) 305
Average Farm Size (acres) 2,253

 

 

 

 

 

 
Source: Census of Agriculture: Table 1: County Summary Highlights: 2017

Farm Revenue

Farm revenue (which includes the market value of products sold, government payments, and farm-related income) topped $33 million while production expenses were $26 million.  Government payments were 1.1% of farm revenues.

Market Value of Products Sold
$31,845,000
Government Payments
$377,000
Farm-Related Income
$1,272,000
Total Farm Production Expenses
$26,112,000
Net Farm Cash Income $7,382,000



 

 

 

Source: Census of Agriculture: Tables 2, 3, 4, 5 and 6:  2017   

Taxation

he market value of all property in Powell County was approximately $849 million in 2019.  The taxable value assigned by the Montana Department of Revenue was $18 million.  Agricultural Property (as defined by Montana Department of Revenue as Class 3 Property) comprised 6% of the county's taxable value.

Property Tax Summary
2019
2014
Market Value of Property $849,747,099 $640,024,833
Taxable Value of All Property $18,417,428 $14,531,062
Taxable Value ofAgricultural Property $1,194,456 $1,129,094
Ag Taxable Value as % of All Property 6% 8%



 

 

 

Source: Montana Dept. of Rev. Montana Taxes by County in2018and Montana Taxes by County in2014  

Market Value of Crops and Livestock 

After adjusting for inflation, the market value of crops increased by 91%, while the market value of livestock increased by 7%, from 1997 to 2017.

Market Value of Crops and Livestock-Powell County

Sources: Census of Agriculture: Table 1: County Summary Highlights: 2017 and St. Louis Fed Producer Price Index

Crops and Livestock

Cattle (74%) and hay (20%) comprised 94% of total crop and livestock sales in 2017.


Crops and Livestock-Powell County

Source: Census of Agriculture:  Table 2: County Summary Highlights: 2017

Farm Size by Acres 

The percentage of smaller farms, less than 500 acres, decreased from 61% to 57%, while the percentage of larger farms, 500 acres or more, increased from 39% to 43% from 2012 to 2017.

Farm Size
by Acres
2017 2012
Number of
Farms

%
Number of
Farms

%
1 to 9 23 9 27 10
10 to 49 39 15 55 21
50 to 179 45 18 41 16
180 to 499     39 15 38 14
500 to 999 35 14 23 9
1,000 or more 73 29 79 30
TOTAL 254 100 263 100
Source: Census of Agriculture:  Table 2: County Summary Highlights: 2017

Farm Size by Sales

The percentage of the smallest farms with less than $100,000 in sales decreased slightly from 76% to 75%, while the percentage of the largest farms with sales of $100,000 or more increased from 24% to 25% from 2012 to 2017.

Farm Size 
by Sales
2017 2012
Number of 
Farms

%
Number of 
Farms

%
Less than 2,500 90 35 92 35
2,500 to 4,999 19 7 20 8
5,000 to 9,999 25 10 23 9
10,000 to 24,999 19 7 28 11
25,000 to 49,999 19 7 13 5
50,000 to 99,999 18 7 25 10
100,000 or more 64 25 62 24
TOTAL 254 100 263 100

Source: Census of Agriculture: Table 1: County Summary Highlights: 2017  

Tillage and Land Use

The percentage of farms using no till, reduced tillage, intensive tillage or cover crops decreased from 2012 to 2017.

Tillage
2017 2012
Number of 
Farms

%
Number of 
Farms

%
No tillage 0 0 3 1
Reduced tillage 4 2 7 3
Intensive tillage 20 8 26 10
Cover crops 8 3 11 4
TOTAL 254   263  
Source: Census of Agriculture: Table 41 Land Use Practices

Producer Profile 

The county producer population was slightly older than the Montana producer population. Thirty-three percent of county producers were under 55 years of age, while 37% were over 65 years of age. Thirty-four percent of the Montana producer population were under 55, while 36% were over 65 years of age. Sixty-four percent of producers in the county were males, while 60% of Montana producers were males. Farming was the primary occupation for 44% of county producers, while farming was the primary occupation for 50% of Montana producers.

 

Characteristics
County State
Number of 
Producers

%
Number of 
Producers

%
Age
18 -25 3 1 570 1
25 to 34 24 5 3,285 7
35 to 44 49 11 5,179 11
45 to 54 76 16 7,309 15
55 to 64 123 26 13,838 29
65 to 74 102 22 11,469 24
75 and older 72 15 5,587 12
Gender
Male 299 64 28,563 60
Female 166 36 18,673 40
Primary Occupation
Yes 203 44 23,847 50
No 262 56 24,314 50
TOTAL PRODUCERS 465 100 48,161 100

 

 

 

 

 

 

Source: Census of Agriculture: Table 45 Selected Operation and Producer Characteristics 

Top Crops by Acre

The top crops were hay and haylage, and barley.

Tops Crops by Acre-Powell County

 Source: Census of Agriculture: Table 1: County Summary Highlights: 2017

Top Livestock

The top livestock were cattle, sheep, poultry (chickens) and hogs.

Livestock
Number of Head
Cattle 35,243
Chicken - Layers 736
Sheep 495
Chicken - Broilers 72
Hogs 32

 

 

 

 

 


Source: Census of Agriculture: Tables 11 (Cattle) and 13 (Sheep) and 19 (Poultry)

Employment Impact

Agricultural production employed 789 workers, or 27% of the county’s labor force.  According to IMPLAN, economic impact model, 477 of the workers were directly employed in production agriculture.  An additional 279 workers were employed in businesses supporting agricultural production, such as feed and fertilizer dealers, and another 33 workers were employed in other related businesses, such as grocery and drugs stores. For every 10 jobs on farms and ranches, 7 additional jobs are generated in the county.

Impact Type
Labor Force
Impact Multipliers
County Labor Force 2,887  
Direct Impact 477
Indirect Impact 279 0.58
Induced Impact 33 0.07
Total Impact 789 0.65
Agriculture Share (%) 27  

 

 

 

 

 

 

Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics, www.bls.gov/#cntyaa and IMPLAN Estimates

Value Added Impacts

Farms and ranches generated $29 million of value-added, or 14% of the county’s total gross domestic product of $212 million in 2017.  According to IMPLAN, $14.2 million was directly contributed by farmers and ranchers.  An additional $12.9 million was generated by businesses supporting agricultural production and $2 million was generated by other related businesses.  Each dollar of value-added in agriculture by a farmer or rancher contributes an additional $1.04 of value-added in other sectors of the county’s economy.


Impact Type
Value-Added
($1 million)

Impact Multipliers
County GDP* 212.0  
Direct Impact** 14.2
Indirect Impact** 12.9 0.91
Induced Impact** 2.0 0.14
Total Impact** 29.0 1.04
Agriculture Share (%) 14  











Sources:  * St. Louis Federal Reserve Bank, ** IMPLAN Estimates  

References


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