Mineral County is a rural sparsely populated county located in the far western portion of the state, bordering Idaho to the west. Only about 2% of land in Mineral County is classified as farm land.

Overview

Population
4,316
County Size (acres)
780,556
Land in Farms (%)
2.4
Number of Farms
93
Median Farm Size (acres) 67
Average Farm Size (acres) 198

 

 

 

 

 

 
Source: Census of Agriculture: Table 1: County Summary Highlights: 2017

Farm Revenue

Farm revenue (which includes the market value of products sold, government payments, and farm-related income) were slightly over $1 million while production expenses were $1.5 million.  Government payments were 7% of farm revenues.

Market Value of Products Sold
$604,000
Government Payments
$82,000
Farm-Related Income
$493,000
Total Farm Production Expenses
$1,520,000
Net Farm Cash Income $(341,000)



 

 

 

Source: Census of Agriculture: Tables 2, 3, 4, 5 and 6:  2017  

Taxation

The market value of all property in Mineral County was approximately $535 million in 2019.  The taxable value assigned by the Montana Department of Revenue was $11 million.  Agricultural Property (as defined by Montana Department of Revenue as Class 3 property) comprised 0.52% of the county's taxable value.

 

Property Tax Summary
2019
2014
Market Value of Property $535,719,967 $804,790,789
Taxable Value of All Property $11,216,877 $10,172,375
Taxable Value ofAgricultural Property $58,477 $65,590
Ag Taxable Value as % of All Property 0.52% 0.63%



 

 

 

Source: Montana Dept. of Rev. Montana Taxes by County in2018and Montana Taxes by County in2014  

Market Value of Crops and Livestock 

After adjusting for inflation, the market value of crops decreased by 50%, while the market value of livestock decreased by 72%, from 1997 to 2017.

Market Value of Crops and Livestock-Mineral County

Sources: Census of Agriculture: Table 1: County Summary Highlights: 2017 and St. Louis Fed Producer Price Index

Crops and Livestock

Cattle (51%) and hay (34%) comprised 85% of total crop and livestock sales in 2017.


Crops and Livestock-Mineral County

Source: Census of Agriculture:  Table 2: County Summary Highlights: 2017

Farm Size by Acres 

The percentage of smaller farms, less than 500 acres, decreased from 91% to 85%, while the percentage of larger farms, 500 acres or more, increased from 9% to 15% from 2012 to 2017.

Farm Size
by Acres
2017 2012
Number of
Farms
% Number of
Farms
%
1 to 9 10 11 7 7
10 to 49 31 33 41 43
50 to 179 33 35 18 19
180 to 499     5 5 20 21
500 to 999 10 11 7 7
1,000 or more 4 4 2 2
TOTAL 93 100 95 100
Source: Census of Agriculture:  Table 2: County Summary Highlights: 2017
 

Farm Size by Sales

The proportion of total sales from the smallest farms with less than $50,000 in sales increased from 93% to 100% from 2012 to 2017.  Mineral County only had seven farms in 2012 and no farms in 2017 with sales over $50,000.

 
Farm Size 
by Sales
2017 2012
Number of 
Farms
% Number of 
Farms
%
Less than 2,500 51 55 67 71
2,500 to 4,999 15 16 14 15
5,000 to 9,999 11 12 4 4
10,000 to 24,999 7 8 3 3
25,000 to 49,999 9 10 0 0
50,000 to 99,999 0 0 5 5
100,000 or more 0 0 2 2
TOTAL 93 100 95 100

Source: Census of Agriculture: Table 1: County Summary Highlights: 2017  

Tillage and Land Use

The percentage of farms using no till, intensive tillage or cover crops increased, while the percentage of farms using reduced tillage decreased from 2012 to 2017.

Tillage
2017 2012
Number of 
Farms
% Number of 
Farms
%
No tillage 7 8 1 1
Reduced tillage 0 0 2 2
Intensive tillage 9 10 7 7
Cover crops 5 5 1 1
TOTAL 93   95  
Source: Census of Agriculture: Table 41 Land Use Practices

Producer Profile

The county producer population was about the same age as the Montana producer population. Thirty-six percent of county producers were under 55 years of age, while 39% were over 65 years of age. Thirty-four percent of the Montana producer population were under 55, while 36% were over 65 years of age.  Sixty-three percent of producers in the county were males, while 60% of Montana producers were males. Farming was the primary occupation for 20% of county producers, while farming was the primary occupation for 50% of Montana producers.

 

Characteristics
County State
Number of 
Producers
% Number of 
Producers
%
Age
18 -25 0 0 570 1
25 to 34 6 3 3,285 7
35 to 44 13 7 5,179 11
45 to 54 45 26 7,309 15
55 to 64 39 22 13,838 29
65 to 74 52 30 11,469 24
75 and older 17 10 5,587 12
Gender
Male 111 63 28,563 60
Female 65 37 18,673 40
Primary Occupation
Yes 35 20 23,847 50
No 141 80 24,314 50
TOTAL PRODUCERS 176 100 48,161 100

 

 

 

 

 

 

Source: Census of Agriculture: Table 45 Selected Operation and Producer Characteristics

Top Crops by Acre

The top crop was hay and haylage.

Tops Crops by Acre-Mineral County

 Source: Census of Agriculture: Table 1: County Summary Highlights: 2017

Top Livestock

The top livestock were cattle, poultry (chickens), and hogs.

Livestock
Number of Head
Cattle 438
Chicken-Layers 192
Hogs 7

 

 

 

 
Source: Census of Agriculture: Tables 11 (Cattle) and 13 (Sheep) and 19 (Poultry)

Employment Impact

Agricultural production employed 31 workers, or 2% of the county’s labor force.  According to IMPLAN, economic impact model, 15 of the workers were directly employed in production agriculture.  An additional 15 workers were employed in businesses supporting agricultural production, such as feed and fertilizer dealers, and another 1 worker were employed in other related businesses, such as grocery and drugs stores. For every 10 jobs on farms and ranches, 10 additional jobs are generated in the county.

Impact Type
Labor Force
Impact Multipliers
County Labor Force 1,685  
Direct Impact 15
Indirect Impact 15 1.00
Induced Impact 1 0.07
Total Impact 31 1.07
Agriculture Share (%) 2  

 

 

 

 

 

 

Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics, www.bls.gov/#cntyaa and IMPLAN Estimates

Value Added Impacts

Farms and ranches generated $1.2 million of value-added, or 1% of the county’s total gross domestic product of $96 million in 2017.  According to IMPLAN, $0.3 million was directly contributed by farmers and ranchers.  An additional $0.9 million was generated by businesses supporting agricultural production and by other related businesses.  Each dollar of value-added in agriculture by a farmer or rancher contributes an additional $3.07 of value-added in other sectors of the county’s economy.  Please note:  there is minimal agricultural production in Mineral County; hence these IMPLAN estimates must be used with caution.


Impact Type
Value-Added
($1 million)

Impact Multipliers
County GDP* 96.0  
Direct Impact** 0.3
Indirect Impact** 0.9 3.00
Induced Impact** 0.0 0.07
Total Impact** 1.2 3.07
Agriculture Share (%) 1  











Sources:  * St. Louis Federal Reserve Bank, ** IMPLAN Estimates  

References


Montana State University Extension is an ADA/EO/AA/Veteran’s Preference
Employer and Provider of Educational Outreach.