Madison County is a rural county located in the far southwestern part of the state. Over 40% of land in Madison County is classified as farm land. 

Overview

Population
8,768
County Size (acres)
2,296,422
Land in Farms (%)
40.2
Number of Farms
605
Median Farm Size (acres) 220
Average Farm Size (acres) 1,526

 

 

 

 

 

 
Source: Census of Agriculture: Table 1: County Summary Highlights: 2017

Farm Revenue

Farm revenue (which includes the market value of products sold, government payments, and farm-related income) were $92 million while production expenses were over $71 million. Government payments were 1.6% of farm revenues.

Market Value of Products Sold
$83,635,000
Government Payments
$1,458,000
Farm-Related Income
$7,097,000
Total Farm Production Expenses
$71,436,000
Net Farm Cash Income $20,754,000



 

 

 

Source: Census of Agriculture: Tables 2, 3, 4, 5 and 6:  2017  

Taxation

The market value of all property in Madison County was approximately $8 billion in 2019.  The taxable value assigned by the Montana Department of Revenue was $146 million.  Agricultural Property (as defined by Montana Department of Revenue as Class 3 property) comprised 1.9% of the county's taxable value.

 

Property Tax Summary
2019
2014
Market Value of Property $8,843,805,607 $3,434,852,261
Taxable Value of All Property $146,959,805 $83,576,708
Taxable Value ofAgricultural Property $2,796,937 $2,641,218
Ag Taxable Value as % of All Property 1.9% 3.16%



 

 

 

Source: Montana Dept. of Rev. Montana Taxes by County in2018and Montana Taxes by County in2014 

Market Value of Crops and Livestock 

After adjusting for inflation, the market value of crops increased by 54%, while the market value of livestock increased by 56%, from 1997 to 2017.

Market Value of Crops and Livestock-Madison County

Sources: Census of Agriculture: Table 1: County Summary Highlights: 2017 and St. Louis Fed Producer Price Index

Crops and Livestock

Cattle (67%) and hay and other crops (16%) comprised 83% of total crop and livestock sales in 2017.


Crops and Livestock-Madison County

Source: Census of Agriculture:  Table 2: County Summary Highlights: 2017

Farm Size by Acres 

The percentage of smaller farms, less than 500 acres, larger farms, 500 acres or more, remained virtually unchanged from 2012 to 2017.

Farm Size
by Acres
2017 2012
Number of
Farms
% Number of
Farms
%
1 to 9 53 9 49 9
10 to 49 125 21 114 20
50 to 179 95 16 93 16
180 to 499     112 19 101 18
500 to 999 48 8 50 9
1,000 or more 172 28 164 29
TOTAL 605 100 571 100
Source: Census of Agriculture:  Table 2: County Summary Highlights: 2017
 

Farm Size by Sales

The proportion of total sales from the smallest farms with less than $100,000 in sales decreased from 77% to 74%, while the proportion of total sales from the largest farms with sales of $100,000 or more increased from 23% to 26% from 2012 to 2017.

 
Farm Size 
by Sales
2017 2012
Number of 
Farms
% Number of 
Farms
%
Less than 2,500 212 35 212 37
2,500 to 4,999 30 5 35 6
5,000 to 9,999 81 13 44 8
10,000 to 24,999 43 7 52 9
25,000 to 49,999 44 7 37 6
50,000 to 99,999 38 6 57 10
100,000 or more 157 26 134 23
TOTAL 605 100 571 100

Source: Census of Agriculture: Table 1: County Summary Highlights: 2017  

Tillage and Land Use

The percentage of farms using reduced tillage or cover crops increased, while the percentage of farms using no till or intensive tillage decreased from 2012 to 2017.

Tillage
2017 2012
Number of 
Farms
% Number of 
Farms
%
No tillage 18 3 42 7
Reduced tillage 45 7 28 5
Intensive tillage 82 14 94 16
Cover crops 41 7 37 6
TOTAL 605   571  
Source: Census of Agriculture: Table 41 Land Use Practices
 

Producer Profile

The county producer population was slightly older than the Montana producer population. Thirty-one percent of county producers were under 55 years of age, while 36% were over 65 years of age. Thirty-four percent of the Montana producer population were under 55, while 36% were over 65 years of age. Sixty-one percent of producers in the county were males, while 60% of Montana producers were males. Farming was the primary occupation for 50% of county producers, while farming was the primary occupation for 50% of Montana producers.

Characteristics
County State
Number of 
Producers
% Number of 
Producers
%
Age
18 -25 18 2 570 1
25 to 34 83 7 3,285 7
35 to 44 123 11 5,179 11
45 to 54 133 11 7,309 15
55 to 64 341 30 13,838 29
65 to 74 262 23 11,469 24
75 and older 150 13 5,587 12
Gender
Male 691 61 28,563 60
Female 443 39 18,673 40
Primary Occupation
Yes 564 50 23,847 50
No 570 50 24,314 50
TOTAL PRODUCERS 1,134 100 48,161 100

 

 

 

 

 

 

Source: Census of Agriculture: Table 45 Selected Operation and Producer Characteristics   

Top Crops by Acre

The top crops were hay and haylage, spring wheat, barley, peas dry edible, lentils, canola, chickpeas and potatoes.

Tops Crops by Acre-Madison County

 Source: Census of Agriculture: Table 1: County Summary Highlights: 2017

Top Livestock

The top livestock were cattle, sheep, poultry (chickens-layers), and hogs.

Livestock
Number of Head
Cattle 80,763
Sheep 4,435
Chickens - Layers 902
Hogs 97

 

 

 

 

 
Source: Census of Agriculture: Tables 11 (Cattle) and 13 (Sheep) and 19 (Poultry)

Employment Impact

Agricultural production employed 958 workers, or 22% of the county’s labor force.  According to IMPLAN, economic impact model, 632 of the workers were directly employed in production agriculture.  An additional 258 workers were employed in businesses supporting agricultural production, such as feed and fertilizer dealers, and another 68 workers were employed in other related businesses, such as grocery and drugs stores. For every 10 jobs on farms and ranches, 5 additional jobs are generated in the county.

 

Impact Type
Labor Force
Impact Multipliers
County Labor Force 4,393  
Direct Impact 632
Indirect Impact 258 0.41
Induced Impact 68 0.11
Total Impact 958 0.52
Agriculture Share (%) 22  

 

 

 

 

 

 

Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics, www.bls.gov/#cntyaa and IMPLAN Estimates

Value Added Impacts

Farms and ranches generated $54.8 million of value-added, or 15% of the county’s total gross domestic product of $364 million in 2017.  According to IMPLAN, $35.1 million was directly contributed by farmers and ranchers.  An additional $15.3 million was generated by businesses supporting agricultural production and $4.4 million was generated by other related businesses.  Each dollar of value-added in agriculture by a farmer or rancher contributes an additional $0.56 of value-added in other sectors of the county’s economy.


Impact Type
Value - Added
($1 million)

Impact Multipliers
County GDP* 364.0  
Direct Impact** 35.1
Indirect Impact** 15.3 0.44
Induced Impact** 4.4 0.13
Total Impact** 54.8 0.56
Agriculture Share (%) 15  











Sources:  * St. Louis Federal Reserve Bank, ** IMPLAN Estimates  

References


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