Jefferson County is a rural county located in the west central part of the state, between the major towns of Helena and Butte.  Over 33% of land in Jefferson County is classified as farm land.

Overview

Population
12,097
County Size (acres)
1,060,392
Land in Farms (%)
33.2
Number of Farms
370
Median Farm Size (acres) 103
Average Farm Size (acres) 952

 

 

 

 

 

 
Source: Census of Agriculture: Table 1: County Summary Highlights: 2017

Farm Revenue

Farm revenues (which includes the market value of products sold, government payments, and farm-related income) were over $21 million while production expenses were $18 million.  Government payments were 2.9% of farm revenues.

Market Value of Products Sold
$20,164,000
Government Payments
$634,000
Farm-Related Income
$788,000
Total Farm Production Expenses
$18,069,000
Net Farm Cash Income $3,517,000



 

 

 

Source: Census of Agriculture: Tables 2, 3, 4, 5 and 6:  2017  

Taxation

The market value of all property in Jefferson County was approximately $1 billion in 2019.  The taxable value assigned by the Montana Department of Revenue was $31 million.  Agricultural Property (as defined by Montana Department of Revenue as Class 3 property) comprised 3% of the county's taxable value.

Property Tax Summary
2019
2014
Market Value of Property $1,680,828,377 $1,145,563,000
Taxable Value of All Property $31,841,547 $28,424,358
Taxable Value ofAgricultural Property $1,006,152 $992,760
Ag Taxable Value as % of All Property 3.16% 3.49%



 

 

 

Source: Montana Dept. of Rev. Montana Taxes by County in2018and Montana Taxes by County in2014 

Market Value of Crops and Livestock 

After adjusting for inflation, the market value of crops increased by 36%, while the market value of livestock increased by 60%, from 1997 to 2017.

Market Value of Crop and Livestock for Jefferson County

Sources: Census of Agriculture: Table 1: County Summary Highlights: 2017 and St. Louis Fed Producer Price Index

Crops and Livestock

Cattle (75%) and other crops and hay (13%) comprised 88% of total crop and livestock sales in 2017.

Crops and Livestock-Jefferson County

Source: Census of Agriculture:  Table 2: County Summary Highlights: 2017

Farm Size by Acres 

The percentage of smaller farms, less than 500 acres, decreased from 79% to 77%, while the percentage of larger farms, 500 acres or more, increased from 21% to 23% from 2012 to 2017.

Farm Size
by Acres
2017 2012
Number of
Farms

%
Number of
Farms

%
1 to 9 30 8 39 10
10 to 49 107 29 123 31
50 to 179 88 24 98 24
180 to 499     61 16 58 14
500 to 999 22 6 26 6
1,000 or more 62 17 57 14
TOTAL 370 100 401 100
Source: Census of Agriculture:  Table 2: County Summary Highlights: 2017

Farm Size by Sales

The proportion of total sales from the smallest farms with less than $100,000 in sales decreased from 90% to 88%, while the proportion of total sales from the largest farms with sales of $100,000 or more increased from 10% to 12% from 2012 to 2017.

 
Farm Size 
by Sales
2017 2012
Number of 
Farms

%
Number of 
Farms

%
Less than 2,500 193 52 205 51
2,500 to 4,999 29 8 30 7
5,000 to 9,999 29 8 33 8
10,000 to 24,999 34 9 52 13
25,000 to 49,999 18 5 21 5
50,000 to 99,999 23 6 20 5
100,000 or more 44 12 40 10
TOTAL 370 100 401 100

Source: Census of Agriculture: Table 1: County Summary Highlights: 2017 

Tillage and Land Use

The percentage of farms using no till, reduced tillage or cover crops increased, while the percentage of farms using intensive tillage decreased from 2012 to 2017.

Tillage
2017 2012
Number of 
Farms

%
Number of 
Farms

%
No tillage 5 1 11 3
Reduced tillage 25 7 2 0
Intensive tillage 18 5 31 8
Cover crops 26 7 8 2
TOTAL 370   401  
Source: Census of Agriculture: Table 41 Land Use Practices
 

Producer Profile

The county producer population was older than the Montana producer population. Thirty-one percent of county producers were under 55 years of age, while 42% were over 65 years of age. Thirty-four percent of the Montana producer population were under 55, while 36% were over 65 years of age. Fifty-four percent of producers in the county were males, while 60% of Montana producers were males. Farming was the primary occupation for 32% of county producers, while farming was the primary occupation for 50% of Montana producers.

 

Characteristics
County State
Number of 
Producers

%
Number of 
Producers

%
Age
18 -25 11 2 570 1
25 to 34 47 7 3,285 7
35 to 44 41 6 5,179 11
45 to 54 123 17 7,309 15
55 to 64 175 25 13,838 29
65 to 74 213 30 11,469 24
75 and older 83 12 5,587 12
Gender
Male 382 54 28,563 60
Female 328 46 18,673 40
Primary Occupation
Yes 228 32 23,847 50
No 482 68 24,314 50
TOTAL PRODUCERS 710 100 48,161 100

 

 

 

 

 

 

Source: Census of Agriculture: Table 45 Selected Operation and Producer Characteristics   

Top Crops by Acre

The top crops were hay and haylage and winter wheat.


Tops Crops by Acre-Jeffers County

 Source: Census of Agriculture: Table 1: County Summary Highlights: 2017

Top Livestock

The top livestock were cattle, sheep, and poultry (chickens-layers) and hogs.

Livestock
Number of Head
Cattle 24,879
Sheep 2,996
Chicken-Layers 717
Hogs 85

 

 

 




Source: Census of Agriculture: Tables 11 (Cattle) and 13 (Sheep) and 19 (Poultry)

Employment Impact

Agricultural production employed 557 workers, or 10% of the county’s labor force.  According to IMPLAN, economic impact model, 400 of the workers were directly employed in production agriculture.  An additional 141 workers were employed in businesses supporting agricultural production, such as feed and fertilizer dealers, and another 16 workers were employed in other related businesses, such as grocery and drugs stores. For every 10 jobs on farms and ranches, 4 additional jobs are generated in the county.

Impact Type
Labor Force
Impact Multipliers
County Labor Force 5,625  
Direct Impact 400
Indirect Impact 141 0.35
Induced Impact 16 0.04
Total Impact 557 0.39
Agriculture Share (%) 10  

 

 

 

 

 

 

Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics, www.bls.gov/#cntyaa and IMPLAN Estimates

Value Added Impacts

Farms and ranches generated $13.3 million of value-added, or 5% of the county’s total gross domestic product of $266 million in 2017.  According to IMPLAN, $8.4 million was directly contributed by farmers and ranchers.  An additional $4.1 million was generated by businesses supporting agricultural production and $0.8 million was generated by other related businesses.  Each dollar of value-added in agriculture by a farmer or rancher contributes an additional $0.59 of value-added in other sectors of the county’s economy.

 


Impact Type
Value-Added
($1 million)

Impact Multipliers
County GDP* 266.0  
Direct Impact** 8.4
Indirect Impact** 4.1 0.49
Induced Impact** 0.8 0.10
Total Impact** 13.3 0.59
Agriculture Share (%) 5  











Sources:  * St. Louis Federal Reserve Bank, ** IMPLAN Estimates  

References


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