Hill County is a rural county located in the north central part of the state. Over 87% of land in Hill County is classified as farm land.

Overview

Population
16,347
County Size (acres)
1,855,469
Land in Farms (%)
87.1
Number of Farms
698
Median Farm Size (acres) 1,020
Average Farm Size (acres) 2,315

 

 

 

 

 

 
Source: Census of Agriculture: Table 1: County Summary Highlights: 2017

Farm Revenue

Farm revenue (which includes the market value of products sold, government payments, and farm-related income) were nearly $163 million while production expenses were $122 million. Government payments were 12.5% of farm revenues.

Market Value of Products Sold
$130,750,000
Government Payments
$20,360,000
Farm-Related Income
$11,831,000
Total Farm Production Expenses
$122,227,000
Net Farm Cash Income $40,174,000



 

 

 

Source: Census of Agriculture: Tables 2, 3, 4, 5 and 6:  2017  

Taxation

The market value of all property in Hill County was approximately $2 billion in 2019.  The taxable value assigned by the Montana Department of Revenue was $41 million.  Agricultural Property (as defined by Montana Department of Revenue as Class 3 property) comprised 20% of the county's taxable value.

Property Tax Summary
2019
2014
Market Value of Property $1,824,996,185 $1,081,125,441
Taxable Value of All Property $41,342,247 $31,130,698
Taxable Value ofAgricultural Property $8,235,183 $6,403,637
Ag Taxable Value as % of All Property 19.92% 20.57%



 

 

 

Source: Montana Dept. of Rev. Montana Taxes by County in2018and Montana Taxes by County in2014 

Market Value of Crops and Livestock 

After adjusting for inflation, the market value of crops increased by 27%, while the market value of livestock increased by 33%, from 1997 to 2017.

Market Value of Crops and Livestock-Hill County

Sources: Census of Agriculture: Table 1: County Summary Highlights: 2017 and St. Louis Fed Producer Price Index

Crops and Livestock

Grain (78%) and cattle (14%) comprised 92% of total crop and livestock sales in 2017.

Crops and Livestock-Hill County

Source: Census of Agriculture:  Table 2: County Summary Highlights: 2017

Farm Size by Acres 

The percentage of smaller farms, less than 500 acres, decreased from 41% to 36%, while the percentage of larger farms, 500 acres or more, increased from 59% to 64% from 2012 to 2017.

Farm Size
by Acres
2017 2012
Number of
Farms
% Number of
Farms

%
1 to 9 25 4 29 4
10 to 49 40 6 41 5
50 to 179 75 11 141 18
180 to 499     114 16 118 15
500 to 999 88 13 93 12
1,000 or more 356 51 380 47
TOTAL 698 100 802 100
Source: Census of Agriculture:  Table 2: County Summary Highlights: 2017

Farm Size by Sales

The proportion of total sales from the smallest farms with less than $100,000 in sales decreased from 62% to 59%, while the proportion of total sales from the largest farms with sales of $100,000 or more increased from 38% to 41% from 2012 to 2017.

 
Farm Size 
by Sales
2017 2012
Number of 
Farms

%
Number of 
Farms

%
Less than 2,500 222 32 297 34
2,500 to 4,999 16 2 26 3
5,000 to 9,999 23 3 30 4
10,000 to 24,999 40 6 37 5
25,000 to 49,999 57 8 52 6
50,000 to 99,999 52 7 58 7
100,000 or more 288 41 302 38
TOTAL 698 100 802 100

Source: Census of Agriculture: Table 1: County Summary Highlights: 2017 

Tillage and Land Use

The percentage of farms using no till, reduced tillage or cover crops increased, while the percentage of farms using intensive tillage decreased from 2012 to 2017.

Tillage
2017 2012
Number of 
Farms

%
Number of 
Farms

%
No tillage 317 45 292 36
Reduced tillage 80 11 83 10
Intensive tillage 61 9 88 11
Cover crops 33 5 35 4
TOTAL 698   802  
Source: Census of Agriculture: Table 41 Land Use Practices
 

Producer Profile

The county producer population was younger than the Montana producer population. Thirty-nine percent of county producers were under 55 years of age, while 27% were over 65 years of age. Thirty-four percent of the Montana producer population were under 55, while 36% were over 65 years of age. Sixty-three percent of producers in the county were males, while 60% of Montana producers were males. Farming was the primary occupation for 50% of county producers, while farming was the primary occupation for 50% of Montana producers.

 

Characteristics
County State
Number of 
Producers

%
Number of 
Producers

%
Age
18 -25 27 2 570 1
25 to 34 129 11 3,285 7
35 to 44 128 11 5,179 11
45 to 54 179 15 7,309 15
55 to 64 366 31 13,838 29
65 to 74 228 19 11,469 24
75 and older 94 8 5,587 12
Gender
Male 751 63 28,563 60
Female 439 37 18,673 40
Primary Occupation
Yes 599 50 23,847 50
No 591 50 24,314 50
TOTAL PRODUCERS 1,190 100 48,161 100

 

 

 

 

 

 

Source: Census of Agriculture: Table 45 Selected Operation and Producer Characteristics   

Top Crops by Acre

The top crops were spring and winter wheat, lentils, hay and haylage, peas dry edible, durum wheat, barley mustard, chickpeas, and canola.


Tops Crops by Acre-Hil County

 Source: Census of Agriculture: Table 1: County Summary Highlights: 2017

Top Livestock

The top livestock were cattle, poultry (chickens-broilers), and sheep.

Livestock
Number of Head
Cattle 16,826
Chickens-Broilers 3,440
Sheep 419

 

 

 


Source: Census of Agriculture: Tables 11 (Cattle) and 13 (Sheep) and 19 (Poultry)

Employment Impact

Agricultural production employed 1,736 workers, or 22% of the county’s labor force.  According to IMPLAN, economic impact model, 993 of the workers were directly employed in production agriculture.  An additional 551 workers were employed in businesses supporting agricultural production, such as feed and fertilizer dealers, and another 192 workers were employed in other related businesses, such as grocery and drugs stores. For every 10 jobs on farms and ranches, 8 additional jobs are generated in the county.

Impact Type
Labor Force
Impact Multipliers
County Labor Force 7,790  
Direct Impact 993
Indirect Impact 551 0.55
Induced Impact 192 0.19
Total Impact 1,736 0.75
Agriculture Share (%) 22  

 

 

 

 

 

 

Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics, www.bls.gov/#cntyaa and IMPLAN Estimates

Value Added Impacts

Farms and ranches generated $59.9 million of value-added, or 8% of the county’s total gross domestic product of $712 million in 2017.  According to IMPLAN, $19.7 million was directly contributed by farmers and ranchers.  An additional $28.9 million was generated by businesses supporting agricultural production and $11.2 million was generated by other related businesses.  Each dollar of value-added in agriculture by a farmer or rancher contributes an additional $2.04 of value-added in other sectors of the county’s economy. This significant contribution to the local economy is because Havre is an economic hub for northern Montana.


Impact Type
Value-Added
($1 million)

Impact Multipliers
County GDP* 712.0  
Direct Impact** 19.7
Indirect Impact** 28.9 1.47
Induced Impact** 11.2 0.57
Total Impact** 59.9 2.04
Agriculture Share (%) 8  











Sources:  * St. Louis Federal Reserve Bank, ** IMPLAN Estimates  

References


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