Glacier County is located in the northwest part of the state, bordering the east end of Glacier National Park and containing the Blackfeet Reservation. Over 61% of land in Glacier County is classified as farm land.

Overview

Population
13,747
County Size (acres)
1,916,746
Land in Farms (%)
61.9
Number of Farms
637
Median Farm Size (acres) 350
Average Farm Size (acres) 1,862

 

 

 

 

 

 
Source: Census of Agriculture: Table 1: County Summary Highlights: 2017

Farm Revenue

Farm revenue (which includes the market value of products sold, government payments, and farm-related income) were $123 million while production expenses were over $94 million. Government payments were 4.8% of farm revenues.

Market Value of Products Sold
$106,537,000
Government Payments
$5,948,000
Farm-Related Income
$10,828,000
Total Farm Production Expenses
$94,553,000
Net Farm Cash Income $28,761,000



 

 

 

Source: Census of Agriculture: Tables 2, 3, 4, 5 and 6:  2017   

Taxation

The market value of all property in Glacier County was approximately $904 million in 2019.  The taxable value assigned by the Montana Department of Revenue was $27 million.  Agricultural Property (as
defined by Montana Department of Revenue as Class 3 property) comprised 10.92% of the county's taxable value.

Property Tax Summary
2019
2014
Market Value of Property $904,746,820 $1,292,861,500
Taxable Value of All Property $27,609,120 $23,564,576
Taxable Value ofAgricultural Property $3,014,676 $2,814,587
Ag Taxable Value as % of All Property 10.92% 11.94%



 

 

 

Source: Montana Dept. of Rev. Montana Taxes by County in2018and Montana Taxes by County in2014 

Market Value of Crops and Livestock

After adjusting for inflation, the market value of crops increased by 35%, while the market value of livestock increased by 86%, from 1997 to 2017.

Market Value of Crops and Livestock-Glacier County

Sources: Census of Agriculture: Table 1: County Summary Highlights: 2017 and St. Louis Fed Producer Price Index

Crops and Livestock

Grain (43%) and cattle (28%) comprised 71% of total crop and livestock sales in 2017.

Crops and Livestock-Glacier County

Source: Census of Agriculture:  Table 2: County Summary Highlights: 2017

Farm Size by Acres 

The percentage of smaller farms, less than 500 acres, increased slightly from 52% to 57%, while the percentage of larger farms, 500 acres or more, decreased from 48% to 43% from 2012 to 2017.

Farm Size
by Acres
2017 2012
Number of
Farms

%
Number of
Farms

%
1 to 9 31 5 40 7
10 to 49 71 11 37 6
50 to 179 108 17 96 16
180 to 499     153 24 137 23
500 to 999 76 12 50 8
1,000 or more 198 31 242 40
TOTAL 637 100 602 100
Source: Census of Agriculture:  Table 2: County Summary Highlights: 2017
 

Farm Size by Sales

The proportion of total sales from the smallest farm with less than $100,000 in sales increased from 74% to 80%, while the proportion of total sales from the largest farms with sales of $100,000 or more decreased from 26% to 20% from 2012 to 2017.

 
Farm Size 
by Sales
2017 2012
Number of 
Farms

%
Number of 
Farms

%
Less than 2,500 231 36 219 36
2,500 to 4,999 30 5 22 4
5,000 to 9,999 51 8 39 6
10,000 to 24,999 54 8 70 12
25,000 to 49,999 85 13 52 9
50,000 to 99,999 58 9 46 8
100,000 or more 128 20 154 26
TOTAL 637 100 602 100

Source: Census of Agriculture: Table 1: County Summary Highlights: 2017 

Tillage and Land Use

The percentage of farms using no till, reduced tillage, or intensive tillage decreased, while the percentage of farms using cover crops was unchanged from 2012 to 2017.

Tillage
2017 2012
Number of 
Farms

%
Number of 
Farms

%
No tillage 92 14 104 17
Reduced tillage 14 2 48 8
Intensive tillage 33 5 61 10
Cover crops 17 3 17 3
TOTAL 637   602  
Source: Census of Agriculture: Table 41 Land Use Practices

Producer Profile

The county producer population was somewhat younger than the Montana producer population. Thirty-nine percent of county producers were under 55 years of age, while 29% were over 65 years of age. Thirty-four percent of the Montana producer population were under 55, while 36% were over 65 years of age. Sixty-five percent of producers in the county were males, while 60% of Montana producers were males. Farming was the primary occupation for 45% of county producers, while farming was the primary occupation for 50% of Montana producers.

 

Characteristics
County State
Number of 
Producers

%
Number of 
Producers

%
Age
18 -25 30 3 570 1
25 to 34 84 8 3,285 7
35 to 44 137 13 5,179 11
45 to 54 168 16 7,309 15
55 to 64 284 26 13,838 29
65 to 74 189 18 11,469 24
75 and older 125 12 5,587 12
Gender
Male 700 65 28,563 60
Female 378 35 18,673 40
Primary Occupation
Yes 486 45 23,847 50
No 592 55 24,314 50
TOTAL PRODUCERS 1,078 100 48,161 100

 

 

 

 

 

 

Source: Census of Agriculture: Table 45 Selected Operation and Producer Characteristics   

Top Crops by Acre

The top crops were winter and spring wheat, barley, hay and haylage, lentils, chickpeas, peas dry edible, durum wheat, mustard, and canola.


Tops Crops by Acre-Glacier County

 Source: Census of Agriculture: Table 1: County Summary Highlights: 2017

Top Livestock

The top livestock were cattle, sheep, poultry (chickens and turkeys), and hogs.

Livestock
Number of Head
Chicken-Layers 172,403
Cattle 43,839
Hogs 20,195
Chicken-Broilers 3,260
Turkeys 740
Sheep 617

 

 

 

 

 



Source: Census of Agriculture: Tables 11 (Cattle), 13 (Sheep) and 19 (Poultry)

Employment Impact

Agricultural production employed 1,040 workers, or 18% of the county’s labor force.  According to IMPLAN, economic impact model, 676 of the workers were directly employed in production agriculture.  An additional 303 workers were employed in businesses supporting agricultural production, such as feed and fertilizer dealers, and another 61 workers were employed in other related businesses, such as grocery and drugs stores. For every 10 jobs on farms and ranches, 5 additional jobs are generated in the county.

Impact Type
Labor Force
Impact Multipliers
County Labor Force 5,719  
Direct Impact 676
Indirect Impact 303 0.45
Induced Impact 61 0.09
Total Impact 1,040 0.54
Agriculture Share (%) 18  

 

 

 

 

 

 


Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics, www.bls.gov/#cntyaa and IMPLAN Estimates  

Value Added Impacts

Farms and ranches generated $47.7 million of value-added, or 13% of the county’s total gross domestic product of $372 million in 2017.  According to IMPLAN, $26.5 million was directly contributed by farmers and ranchers.  An additional $17.1 million was generated by businesses supporting agricultural production and $4.2 million was generated by other related businesses.  Each dollar of value-added in agriculture by a farmer or rancher contributes an additional $0.80 of value-added in other sectors of the county’s economy.


Impact Type
Value-Added
($1 million)

Impact Multipliers
County GDP* 372.0  
Direct Impact** 26.5
Indirect Impact** 17.1 0.64
Induced Impact** 4.2 0.16
Total Impact** 47.7 0.80
Agriculture Share (%) 13  











Sources:  * St. Louis Federal Reserve Bank, ** IMPLAN Estimates  

References


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