Flathead County is a heavily populated county in the northwestern part of the state, and contains the town of Kalispell.  Only about 5% of land in Flathead County is classified as farm land.

Overview

Population
102,106
County Size (acres)
3,255,781
Land in Farms (%)
5.6
Number of Farms
1,146
Median Farm Size (acres) 30
Average Farm Size (acres) 159

 

 

 

 

 

 
Source: Census of Agriculture: Table 1: County Summary Highlights: 2017

Farm Revenue

Farm revenue (which includes the market value of products sold, government payments, and farm-related income) were over $41 million while production expenses were over $43 million. Government payments were 4.4% of farm revenues.

Market Value of Products Sold
$35,854,000
Government Payments
1,823,000
Farm-Related Income
$3,443,000
Total Farm Production Expenses
$43,798,000
Net Farm Cash Income -$2,679,000



 

 

 

Source: Census of Agriculture: Tables 2, 3, 4, 5 and 6:  2017   

Taxation

The market value of all property in Flathead County was approximately $18 billon million in 2019.  The taxable value assigned by the Montana Department of Revenue was $1 million.  Agricultural Property (as defined by Montana Department of Revenue as Class 3 property) comprised 0.43% of the county's taxable value.

 

Property Tax Summary
2019
2014
Market Value of Property $18,886,897,364 $10,504,229,394
Taxable Value of All Property $281,852,110 $257,310,014
Taxable Value ofAgricultural Property $1,222,129 $1,268,274
Ag Taxable Value as % of All Property 0.43% 0.49%



 

 

 

Source: Montana Dept. of Rev. Montana Taxes by County in2018and Montana Taxes by County in2014 

Market Value of Crops and Livestock

After adjusting for inflation, the market value of crops increased by 1%, while the market value of livestock decreased by 37%, from 1997 to 2017.


Market Value of Crops and Livestock-Flathead County

Sources: Census of Agriculture: Table 1: County Summary Highlights: 2017 and St. Louis Fed Producer Price Index

Crops and Livestock

Other (37%) and Grain (32%) comprised 69% of total crop and livestock sales in 2017.

 

Crops and Livestock-Flathead County

Source: Census of Agriculture:  Table 2: County Summary Highlights: 2017

Farm Size by Acres 

The percentage of smaller farms, less than 500 acres, and larger farms, 500 acres or more, were unchanged from 2012 to 2017.

Farm Size 
by Acres
2017 2012
Number of 
Farms

%
Number of 
Farms

%
1 to 9 229 20 156 15
10 to 49 513 45 469 45
50 to 79 225 20 226 22
180 to 499 107 9 119 11
500 to 999 23 2 31 3
1,000 or more 49 4 34 3
TOTAL 1,146 100 1,035 100














Source: Census of Agriculture:  Table 2: County Summary Highlights: 2017
 

Farm Size by Sales

The proportion of total sales from the smallest farms with less than $100,000 in sales and the largest farms with sales of $100,000 were virtually unchanged from 2012 to 2017.

 
Farm Size 
by Sales
2017 2012
Number of 
Farms

%
Number of 
Farms

%
Less than 2,500 656 57 555 54
2,500 to 4,999 133 12 124 12
5,000 to 9,999 100 9 106 10
10,000 to 24,999 82 7 89 9
25,000 to 49,999 56 5 46 4
50,000 to 99,999 45 4 44 4
100,000 or more 74 6 71 7
TOTAL 1,146 100 1,035 100

Source: Census of Agriculture: Table 1: County Summary Highlights: 2017 

Tillage and Land Use

The percentage of farms using no till or cover crops increased, while the percentage of farms using intensive tillage decreased from 2012 to 2017.

 

Tillage
2017 2012
Number of 
Farms

%
Number of 
Farms

%
No tillage 62 5 37 4
Reduced tillage 31 3 34 3
Intensive tillage 118 10 184 18
Cover crops 31 3 17 2
TOTAL 1,146   1,035  
Source: Census of Agriculture: Table 41 Land Use Practices
 

Producer Profile

The county producer population was older than the Montana producer population. Thirty-one percent of county producers were under 55 years of age, while 42% were over 65 years of age. Thirty-four percent of the Montana producer population were under 55, while 36% were over 65 years of age. Fifty-eight percent of producers in the county were males, while 60% of Montana producers were males. Farming was the primary occupation for 34% of county producers, while farming was the primary occupation for 50% of Montana producers.

Characteristics
County State
Number of 
Producers

%
Number of 
Producers

%
Age
18 -25 1 0 570 1
25 to 34 114 6 3,285 7
35 to 44 230 12 5,179 11
45 to 54 259 13 7,309 15
55 to 64 529 27 13,838 29
65 to 74 552 28 11,469 24
75 and older 263 13 5,587 12
Gender
Male 1,137 58 28,563 60
Female 817 42 18,673 40
Primary Occupation
Yes 670 34 23,847 50
No 1,284 66 24,314 50
TOTAL PRODUCERS 1,954 100 48,161 100

 

 

 

 

 

 

Source: Census of Agriculture: Table 45 Selected Operation and Producer Characteristics   

Top Crops by Acre

The top crops were hay and haylage, spring wheat, canola, winter wheat, barley, peas dry edible, durum wheat, and mustard.


Tops Crops by Acre-Flathead County

 Source: Census of Agriculture: Table 1: County Summary Highlights: 2017

Top Livestock

The top livestock were cattle, sheep, hogs, and poultry (chickens and turkeys).

Livestock
Number of Head
Cattle 8,441
Chicken-Layers 5,334
Hogs 1,940
Sheep 718
Chicken-Broilers 328
Turkeys 97

 

 

 

 

 



Source: Census of Agriculture: Tables 11 (Cattle), 13 (Sheep) and 19 (Poultry) 

Employment Impact

Agricultural production employed 1,502 workers, or 3% of the county’s labor force.  According to IMPLAN, economic impact model, 827 of the workers were directly employed in production agriculture.  An additional 540 workers were employed in businesses supporting agricultural production, such as feed and fertilizer dealers, and another 135 workers were employed in other related businesses, such as grocery and drugs stores. For every 10 jobs on farms and ranches, 8 additional jobs are generated in the county.

Impact Type
Labor Force
Impact Multipliers
County Labor Force 46,754  
Direct Impact 827
Indirect Impact 540 0.65
Induced Impact 135 0.16
Total Impact 1,502 0.82
Agriculture Share (%) 3  

 

 

 

 

 

 


Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics, www.bls.gov/#cntyaa and IMPLAN Estimates 

Value Added Impacts

Farms and ranches generated $43.6 million of value-added, or 1% of the county’s total gross domestic product of $4,089 million in 2017.  According to IMPLAN, $15.7 million was directly contributed by farmers and ranchers.  An additional $19.5 million was generated by businesses supporting agricultural production and $8.4 million was generated by other related businesses.  Each dollar of value-added in agriculture by a farmer or rancher contributes an additional $1.78 of value-added in other sectors of the county’s economy.  This significant contribution to the local economy is because Kalispell is an economic hub for the north western region.

 


Impact Type
Value-Added
($1 million)

Impact Multipliers
County GDP* 4,089.0  
Direct Impact** 15.7
Indirect Impact** 19.5 1.24
Induced Impact** 8.4 0.54
Total Impact** 43.6 1.78
Agriculture Share (%)  











Sources:  * St. Louis Federal Reserve Bank, ** IMPLAN Estimates  

References


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