Deer Lodge County is a rural county located in the western part of the state between the large towns of Butte and Missoula. Over 15% of land in Deer Lodge County is classified as farm land.

Overview

Population
9,131
County Size (acres)
471,477
Land in Farms (%)
15.7
Number of Farms
77
Median Farm Size (acres) 180
Average Farm Size (acres) 962

 

 

 

 

 

 
Source: Census of Agriculture: Table 1: County Summary Highlights: 2017 

Farm Revenue

Farm revenue (which includes the market value of products sold, government payments, and farm-related income) were nearly $7 million while production expenses were slightly over $5 million. Government payments were 2.5% of farm revenues.

 

Market Value of Products Sold
$6,487,000
Government Payments
$169,000
Farm-Related Income
$206,000
Total Farm Production Expenses
$5,228,000
Net Farm Cash Income $1,634,000



 

 

 

Source: Census of Agriculture: Tables 2, 3, 4, 5 and 6:  2017   

Taxation

The market value of all property in Deer Lodge County was approximately $892 million in 2019.  The taxable value assigned by the Montana Department of Revenue was $21 million.  Agricultural Property (as defined by Montana Department of Revenue as Class 3 property) comprised 2.5% of the county's taxable value.

Property Tax Summary
2019
2014
Market Value of Property   $892,770,496 $570,996,244
Taxable Value of All Property $21,446,643 $18,277,051
Taxable Value ofAgricultural Property $542,284 $545,342
Ag Taxable Value as % of All Property 2.53% 2.98%



 

 

 

Source: Montana Dept. of Rev. Montana Taxes by County in2018and Montana Taxes by County in2014 

Market Value of Crops and Livestock

After adjusting for inflation, the market value of crops decreased by 44%, while the market value of livestock increased by 13%, from 1997 to 2017.


Market Value of Crops and Livestock-Deer Lodge County

Sources: Census of Agriculture: Table 1: County Summary Highlights: 2017 and St. Louis Fed Producer Price Index

Crops and Livestock

Cattle (85%) and hay and other crops (11%) comprised 96% of total crop and livestock sales in 2017.

Crops and Livestock-Deer Lodge County

Source: Census of Agriculture:  Table 2: County Summary Highlights: 2017

Farm Size by Acres 

The percentage of smaller farms, less than 500 acres, increased from 68% to 73%, while the percentage of larger farms, 500 acres or more, decreased from 32% to 27% from 2012 to 2017.

Farm Size
by Acres
2017 2012
Number of
Farms

%
Number of
Farms

%
1 to 9 3 4 8 9
10 to 49 9 12 21 23
50 to 179 26 34 17 18
180 to 499     18 23 17 18
500 to 999 4 5 13 14
1,000 or more 17 22 17 18
TOTAL 77 100 93 100
Source: Census of Agriculture:  Table 2: County Summary Highlights: 2017
 
 

Farm Size by Sales

The percentage of the smallest farms with less than $100,000 in sales decreased from 86% to 83%, while the percentage of the largest farms with sales of $100,000 or more increased from 14% to 17% from 2012 to 2017.

 
Farm Size 
by Sales
2017 2012
Number of 
Farms

%
Number of 
Farms

%
Less than 2,500 35 45 51 55
2,500 to 4,999 7 9 5 5
5,000 to 9,999 0 0 4 4
10,000 to 24,999 10 13 6 6
25,000 to 49,999 5 6 8 9
50,000 to 99,999 3 4 5 5
100,000 or more 17 22 14 15
TOTAL 77 100 93 100

Source: Census of Agriculture: Table 1: County Summary Highlights: 2017 

Tillage and Land Use

The percentage of farms using no till, reduced tillage, or cover crops increased, while the percentage of farms using intensive tillage decreased from 2012 to 2017.

 
Tillage
2017 2012
Number of 
Farms

%
Number of 
Farms

%
No tillage 2 3 0 0
Reduced tillage 3 4 0 0
Intensive tillage 4 5 10 11
Cover crops 5 6 5 5
TOTAL 77   93  
Source: Census of Agriculture: Table 41 Land Use Practices


Producer Profile

The county producer population was older than the Montana producer population. Twenty-three percent of county producers were under 55 years of age, while 46% were over 65 years of age. Thirty-four percent of the Montana producer population were under 55, while 36% were over 65 years of age. Fifty-eight percent of producers in the county were males, while 60% of Montana producers were males. Farming was the primary occupation for 33% of county producers, while farming was the primary occupation for 50% of Montana producers.

Characteristics
County State
Number of 
Producers

%
Number of 
Producers

%
Age
18 -25 0 0 570 1
25 to 34 3 2 3,285 7
35 to 44 13 10 5,179 11
45 to 54 15 11 7,309 15
55 to 64 38 29 13,838 29
65 to 74 47 36 11,469 24
75 and older 14 11 5,587 12
Gender
Male 77 58 28,563 60
Female 55 42 18,673 40
Primary Occupation
Yes 43 33 23,847 50
No 89 67 24,314 50
TOTAL PRODUCERS 132 100 48,161 100

 

 

 

 

 

 

Source: Census of Agriculture: Table 45 Selected Operation and Producer Characteristics  

Top Crops by Acre

The top crop by acre was hay and haylage.


Tops Crops by Acre-Deer Lodge County

 Source: Census of Agriculture: Table 1: County Summary Highlights: 2017

Top Livestock

The top livestock were cattle, sheep, and poultry (chickens-layers).

Livestock
Number of Head
Cattle 7,361
Sheep 242
Chickens-Layers 29

 

 

 

 

Source: Census of Agriculture: Tables 11 (Cattle), 13 (Sheep) and 19 (Poultry)

Employment Impact

Agricultural production employed 150 workers, or 3% of the county’s labor force.  According to IMPLAN, economic impact model, 91 of the workers were directly employed in production agriculture.  An additional 55 workers were employed in businesses supporting agricultural production, such as feed and fertilizer dealers, and another 4 workers were employed in other related businesses, such as grocery and drugs stores. For every 10 jobs on farms and ranches, 7 additional jobs are generated in the county.

Impact Type
Labor Force
Impact Multipliers
County Labor Force 5,134  
Direct Impact 91
Indirect Impact 55 0.60
Induced Impact 4 0.04
Total Impact 150 0.65
Agriculture Share (%) 3  

 

 

 

 

 

 


Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics, www.bls.gov/#cntyaa and IMPLAN Estimates    

Value Added Impacts

Farms and ranches generated $4.5 million of value-added, or 2% of the county’s total gross domestic product of $284 million in 2017.  According to IMPLAN, $2.7 million was directly contributed by farmers and ranchers.  An additional $1.5 million was generated by businesses supporting agricultural production and $0.2 million was generated by other related businesses.  Each dollar of value-added in agriculture by a farmer or rancher contributes an additional $0.63 of value-added in other sectors of the county’s economy.

 


Impact Type
Value - Added
($1 million)

Impact Multipliers
County GDP* 284.0  
Direct Impact** 2.7
Indirect Impact** 1.5 0.55
Induced Impact** 0.2 0.08
Total Impact** 4.5 0.63
Agriculture Share (%) 2  










 

Sources:  * St. Louis Federal Reserve Bank, ** IMPLAN Estimates  

References


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