Daniels County is a rural sparsely populated county located in the very northeastern part of the state. Over 84% of land in Daniels County is classified as farm land.

Overview

Population
1,747
County Size (acres)
912,650
Land in Farms (%)
84.3
Number of Farms
277
Median Farm Size (acres) 1,220
Average Farm Size (acres) 2,779

 

 

 

 

 

 
Source: Census of Agriculture: Table 1: County Summary Highlights: 2017

Farm Revenue

Farm revenue (which includes the market value of products sold, government payments, and farm-related income) were nearly $62 million while production expenses were $54 million.  Government payments were 12.4% of farm revenues.

Market Value of Products Sold
$42,187,000
Government Payments
$7,683,000
Farm-Related Income
$11,945,000
Total Farm Production Expenses
$54,085,000
Net Farm Cash Income $7,729,000



 

 

 

Source: Census of Agriculture: Tables 2, 3, 4, 5 and 6:  2017   

Taxation

The market value of all property in Daniels County was approximately $360 million in 2019.  The taxable value assigned by the Montana Department of Revenue was $7.4 million.  Agricultural Property (as defined by Montana Department of Revenue as Class 3 property) comprised 45% of the county’s taxable value.

Property Tax Summary
2019
2014
Market Value of Property   $360,396,873 $223,312,645
Taxable Value of All Property $7,386,180 $5,496,858
Taxable Value ofAgricultural Property $3,313,490 $2,541,099
Ag Taxable Value as % of All Property 44.86% 46.23%



 

 

 

Source: Montana Dept. of Rev. Montana Taxes by County in2018and Montana Taxes by County in2014  

Market Value of Crops and Livestock

After adjusting for inflation, the market value of crops increased by 5%, while the market value of livestock increased by 19%, from 1997 to 2017.

Market Value of Crops and Livestock-Daniels County

Sources: Census of Agriculture: Table 1: County Summary Highlights: 2017 and St. Louis Fed Producer Price Index

Crops and Livestock

Grain (74%) and cattle (22%) comprised 96% of total crop and livestock sales in 2017.


Crops and Livestock-Daniels County

Source: Census of Agriculture:  Table 2: County Summary Highlights: 2017

Farm Size by Acres 

The percentage of smaller farms, less than 500 acres, increased from 28% to 32%, while the percentage of larger farms, 500 acres or more, decreased from 72% to 68% from 2012 to 2017.

 

Farm Size
by Acres
2017 2012
Number of
Farms

%
Number of
Farms

%
1 to 9 5 2 3 1
10 to 49 6 2 10 3
50 to 179 15 5 21 6
180 to 499     65 23 63 19
500 to 999 35 13 73 22
1,000 or more 151 55 168 50
TOTAL 277 100 338 100
Source: Census of Agriculture:  Table 2: County Summary Highlights: 2017
 

Farm Size by Sales

The proportion of total sales from the smallest farms with less than $100,000 in sales increased from 63% to 66%, while the proportion of total sales from the largest farms with sales of $100,000 or more decreased from 37% to 34% from 2012 to 2017.

 
Farm Size 
by Sales
2017 2012
Number of 
Farms

%
Number of 
Farms

%
Less than 2,500 122 44 138 41
2,500 to 4,999 6 2 4 1
5,000 to 9,999 8 3 8 2
10,000 to 24,999 14 5 13 4
25,000 to 49,999 14 5 19 6
50,000 to 99,999 20 7 30 9
100,000 or more 93 34 126 37
TOTAL 277 100 338 100

Source: Census of Agriculture: Table 1: County Summary Highlights: 2017 

Tillage and Land Use

The percentage of farms using reduced tillage or cover crops increased, while the percentage of farms using no till or intensive tillage decreased from 2012 to 2017.

 
Tillage
2017 2012
Number of 
Farms

%
Number of 
Farms

%
No tillage 61 22 81 24
Reduced tillage 49 18 50 15
Intensive tillage 27 10 48 14
Cover crops 5 2 8 2
TOTAL 277   338  
Source: Census of Agriculture: Table 41 Land Use Practices
 

Producer Profile

The county producer population was older than the Montana producer population. Twenty-eight percent of county producers were under 55 years of age, while 43% were over 65 years of age. Thirty-four percent of the Montana producer population were under 55, while 36% were over 65 years of age. Sixty-two percent of producers in the county were males, while 60% of Montana producers were males. Farming was the primary occupation for 51% of county producers, while farming was the primary occupation for 50% of Montana producers.

 

Characteristics
County State
Number of 
Producers

%
Number of 
Producers

%
Age
18 -25 1 0 570 1
25 to 34 16 3 3,285 7
35 to 44 44 9 5,179 11
45 to 54 83 16 7,309 15
55 to 64 146 28 13,838 29
65 to 74 128 25 11,469 24
75 and older 95 19 5,587 12
Gender
Male 317 62 28,563 60
Female 196 38 18,673 40
Primary Occupation
Yes 260 51 23,847 50
No 253 49 24,314 50
TOTAL PRODUCERS 513 100 48,161 100

 

 

 

 

 

 

Source: Census of Agriculture: Table 45 Selected Operation and Producer Characteristics 

Top Crops by Acre

The top crops were durum and spring wheat, lentils, hay & haylage, peas dry edible, chickpeas, canola, winter wheat, mustard, and barley.


Top Crops by Acre-Daniels County

 Source: Census of Agriculture: Table 1: County Summary Highlights: 2017

Top Livestock

The top livestock were cattle, chickens-layers, and sheep.

Livestock
Number of Head
Cattle 14,412
Sheep 286
Chicken-Layers 110

 

 

 

 
Source: Census of Agriculture: Tables 11 (Cattle), 13 (Sheep) and 19 (Poultry)

Employment Impact

Agricultural production employed 316 workers, or 35% of the county’s labor force.  According to IMPLAN, economic impact model, 209 of the workers were directly employed in production agriculture.  An additional 106 workers were employed in businesses supporting agricultural production, such as feed and fertilizer dealers, and 1 additional worker was employed in other related businesses, such as grocery and drugs stores. For every 10 jobs on farms and ranches, 5 additional jobs are generated in the county.

Impact Type
Labor Force
Impact Multipliers
County Labor Force 907  
Direct Impact 209
Indirect Impact 106 0.51
Induced Impact 1 0.00
Total Impact 316 0.51
Agriculture Share (%) 35  

 

 

 

 

 

 


Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics, www.bls.gov/#cntyaa and IMPLAN Estimates    

Value Added Impacts

Farms and ranches generated $14.2 million of value-added, or 12% of the county’s total gross domestic product of $117 million in 2017.  According to IMPLAN, $6.9 million was directly contributed by farmers and ranchers.  An additional $7.3 million was generated by businesses supporting agricultural production and by other related businesses.  Each dollar of value-added in agriculture by a farmer or rancher contributes an additional $1.06 of value-added in other sectors of the county’s economy.

 


Impact Type
Value - Added
($1 million)

Impact Multipliers
County GDP* 117.0  
Direct Impact** 6.9
Indirect Impact** 7.3 1.06
Induced Impact** 0.00 0.00
Total Impact** 14.2 1.06
Agriculture Share (%) 12  











Sources:  * St. Louis Federal Reserve Bank, ** IMPLAN Estimates  

References


Montana State University Extension is an ADA/EO/AA/Veteran’s Preference
Employer and Provider of Educational Outreach.