Chouteau County is a rural county located in North Central Montana, and contains part of the Rocky Boy Reservation. Over 81% of land in Chouteau County is classified as farm land.

Overview

Population
5,745
County Size (acres)
2,542,425
Land in Farms (%)
81.4
Number of Farms
633 
Median Farm Size (acres) 1,829
Average Farm Size (acres) 3,271

 

 

 

 

 

 
Source: Census of Agriculture: Table 1: County Summary Highlights: 2017

Farm Revenue

Farm revenue (which includes the market value of products sold, government payments, and farm-related income) were over $204 million while production expenses were $154 million. Government payments were 11% of farm revenues.

Market Value of Products Sold
$170,741,000
Government Payments
$21,813,000
Farm-Related Income
$12,032,000
Total Farm Production Expenses
$154,305,000
Net Farm Cash Income $50,282,000



 

 

 

Source: Census of Agriculture: Tables 2, 3, 4, 5 and 6:  2017   

Taxation

The market value of all property in Chouteau County was approximately $1 billion in 2019.  The taxable value assigned by the Montana Department of Revenue was $9.7 million.  Agricultural Property (as defined by Montana Department of Revenue as Class 3 Property) comprised 35% of the county's taxable value.

Property Tax Summary
2019
2014
Market Value of Property   $1,082,582,883 $1,185,252,694
Taxable Value of All Property $27,848,525 $20,023,419
Taxable Value ofAgricultural Property $9,755,612 $7,492,755
Ag Taxable Value as % of All Property 35% 37%



 

 

 

Source: Montana Dept. of Rev. Montana Taxes by County in2018and Montana Taxes by County in2014 

Market Value of Crops and Livestock

After adjusting for inflation, the market value of crops increased by 21%, while the market value of livestock increased by 19%, from 1997 to 2017.

Market Value of Crops and Livestock-Chouteau County

Sources: Census of Agriculture: Table 1: County Summary Highlights: 2017 and St. Louis Fed Producer Price Index

Crops and Livestock

Grain (76%) and cattle (13%) comprised 89% of total crop and livestock sales in 2017.


Crops and Livestock-Chouteau County

Source: Census of Agriculture:  Table 2: County Summary Highlights: 2017

Farm Size by Acres 

The percentage of smaller farms, less than 500 acres, increased slightly from 24% to 26%, while the percentage of larger farms, 500 acres or more, decreased slightly from 76% to 74% from 2012 to 2017.

 

Farm Size
by Acres
2017 2012
Number of
Farms

%
Number of
Farms

%
1 to 9 2 0 17 2
10 to 49 25 4 26 3
50 to 179 68 11 67 9
180 to 499     70 11 79 10
500 to 999 79 12 96 12
1,000 or more 389 61 489 63
TOTAL 633 100 774 100
Source: Census of Agriculture:  Table 2: County Summary Highlights: 2017
 

Farm Size by Sales

The proportion of total sales from the smallest farms with less than $100,000 in sales decreased from 50% to 48%, while the proportion of total sales from the largest farms with sales of $100,000 or more increased from 50% to 52% from 2012 to 2017.

 
Farm Size 
by Sales
2017 2012
Number of 
Farms

%
Number of 
Farms

%
Less than 2,500 156 25 219 28
2,500 to 4,999 3 0 23 3
5,000 to 9,999 11 2 17 2
10,000 to 24,999 38 6 40 5
25,000 to 49,999 42 7 36 5
50,000 to 99,999 52 8 49 6
100,000 or more 331 52 390 50
TOTAL 633 100 774 100

Source: Census of Agriculture: Table 1: County Summary Highlights: 2017 

Tillage and Land Use

The percentage of farms using no till increased, while the percentage of farms using reduced or intensive tillage decreased from 2012 to 2017.

 
Tillage
2017 2012
Number of 
Farms

%
Number of 
Farms

%
No tillage 358 57 357 46
Reduced tillage 52 8 78 10
Intensive tillage 35 6 116 15
Cover crops 18 3 24 3
TOTAL 633   774  
Source: Census of Agriculture: Table 41 Land Use Practices
 

Producer Profile

The county producer population was about the same age as the Montana producer population. Thirty-five percent of county producers were under 55 years of age, while 32% were over 65 years of age. Thirty-four percent of the Montana producer population were under 55, while 36% were over 65 years of age. Sixty-four percent of producers in the county were males, while 60% of Montana producers were males. Farming was the primary occupation for 66% of county producers, while farming was the primary occupation for 50% of Montana producers.

Characteristics
County State
Number of 
Producers

%
Number of 
Producers

%
Age
18 -25 12 1 570 1
25 to 34 98 8 3,285 7
35 to 44 156 13 5,179 11
45 to 54 150 13 7,309 15
55 to 64 360 30 13,838 29
65 to 74 227 19 11,469 24
75 and older 154 13 5,587 12
Gender
Male 761 64 28,563 60
Female 423 36 18,673 40
Primary Occupation
Yes 782 66 23,847 50
No 402 34 24,314 50
TOTAL PRODUCERS 1,184 100 48,161 100

 

 

 

 

 

 

Source: Census of Agriculture: Table 45 Selected Operation and Producer Characteristics

Top Crops by Acre

The top crops were winter and spring wheat, barley, hay and haylage, chickpeas, lentils, peas dry edible, durum wheat, mustard, canola and safflower.


Tops Crops by Acre-Chouteau County

 Source: Census of Agriculture: Table 1: County Summary Highlights: 2017

Top Livestock

The top livestock were chickens-layers, cattle and sheep.

Livestock
Number of Head
Chickens-Layers 93,291
Cattle 37,644
Sheep 577

 

 

 

 
Source: Census of Agriculture: Tables 11 (Cattle) and 13 (Sheep)  

Employment Impact

Agricultural production employed 1,622 workers, or 65% of the county’s labor force.  According to IMPLAN, economic impact model, 1,004 of the workers were directly employed in production agriculture.  An additional 569 workers were employed in businesses supporting agricultural production, such as feed and fertilizer dealers, and another 49 workers were employed in other related businesses, such as grocery and drugs stores. For every 10 jobs on farms and ranches, 6 additional jobs are generated in the county.

Impact Type
Labor Force
Impact Multipliers
County Labor Force 2,491  
Direct Impact 1,004
Indirect Impact 569 0.57
Induced Impact 49 0.05
Total Impact 1,622 0.62
Agriculture Share (%) 65  

 

 

 

 

 

 


Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics, www.bls.gov/#cntyaa and IMPLAN Estimates   

Value Added Impacts

 

Farms and ranches generated $52.5 million of value-added, or 38% of the county’s total gross domestic product of $137 million in 2017.  According to IMPLAN, $23.8 million was directly contributed by farmers and ranchers.  An additional $25.9 million was generated by businesses supporting agricultural production and $2.8 million was generated by other related businesses.  Each dollar of value-added in agriculture by a farmer or rancher contributes an additional $1.21 of value-added in other sectors of the county’s economy.


Impact Type
Value - Added
($1 million)

Impact Multipliers
County GDP* 137.0  
Direct Impact** 23.8
Indirect Impact** 25.9 1.09
Induced Impact** 2.8 0.12
Total Impact** 52.5 1.21
Agriculture Share (%) 38  











Sources:  * St. Louis Federal Reserve Bank, ** IMPLAN Estimates  

References


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