Broadwater County is a rural sparsely populated county located in central Montana, between the major towns of Bozeman and Helena.  Over 61% of land in Broadwater County is classified as farm land.

Overview

Population
6,085
County Size (acres)
763,110
Land in Farms (%)
61.2
Number of Farms
296 
Median Farm Size (acres) 149
Average Farm Size (acres) 1,577

 

 

 

 

 

 
Source: Census of Agriculture: Table 1: County Summary Highlights: 2017

Farm Revenue

Farm revenue (which includes the market value of products sold, government payments, and farm-related income) were $45 million while production expenses were $33 million.  Government payments accounted for 5.8% of revenues.

Market Value of Products Sold
$39,688,000
Government Payments
$2,336,000
Farm-Related Income
$2,935,000
Total Farm Production Expenses
$32,890,000
Net Farm Cash Income $12,069,000



 

 

 

Source: Census of Agriculture: Tables 2, 3, 4, 5 and 6:  2017 

Taxation


The market value of all property in Broadwater County was approximately $856 million in 2019.  The taxable value assigned by the Montana Department of Revenue was $17 million.  Agricultural Property (as defined by Montana Department of Revenue as Class 3 Property) comprised 9% of the county's taxable value.

Property Tax Summary
2019
2014
Market Value of Property   $856,715,760 $474,467,647
Taxable Value of All Property $17,629,297 $13,157,599
Taxable Value ofAgricultural Property  $1,631,508 $1,297,720
Ag Taxable Value as % of All Property 9% 10%



 

 

 

Source: Montana Dept. of Rev. Montana Taxes by County in2018and Montana Taxes by County in2014 

Market Value of Crops and Livestock

After adjusting for inflation, the market value of crops increased by 1%, while the market value of livestock increased by nearly 69%, from 1997 to 2017.

Market Value of Crops and Livestock-Broadwater County

Sources: Census of Agriculture: Table 1: County Summary Highlights: 2017 and St. Louis Fed Producer Price Index

Crops and Livestock

Cattle (37%), other crops (30%) comprised 75% of total crop and livestock sales in 2017.

Crops and Livestock-Broadwater County

Source: Census of Agriculture:  Table 2: County Summary Highlights: 2017

 

Farm Size by Acres 

 

The percentage of smaller farms, less than 500 acres, increased slightly from 61% to 65%, while the percentage of larger farms, 500 acres or more, decreased from 39% to 36% from 2012 to 2017.

Farm Size
by Acres
2017 2012
Number of
Farms

%
Number of
Farms

%
1 to 9 8 3 14 5
10 to 49 67 23 48 17
50 to 179 91 31 72 25
180 to 499     25 8 39 14
500 to 999 17 6 24 8
1,000 or more 88 30 90 31
TOTAL 296 100 287 100
Source: Census of Agriculture:  Table 2: County Summary Highlights: 2017
  

Farm Size by Sales

The proportion of total sales from the smallest farms with less than $100,000 in sales increased from 73% to 77%, while the proportion of total sales from the largest farms with sales of $100,000 or more decreased from 27% to 23% from 2012 to 2017.

 
Farm Size 
by Sales
2017 2012
Number of 
Farms

%
Number of 
Farms

%
Less than 2,500 119 40 96 33
2,500 to 4,999 14 5 17 6
5,000 to 9,999 22 7 23 8
10,000 to 24,999 25 8 30 10
25,000 to 49,999 22 7 28 10
50,000 to 99,999 26 9 15 5
100,000 or more 68 23 78 27
TOTAL 296 100 287 100

Source: Census of Agriculture: Table 1: County Summary Highlights: 2017 

Tillage and Land Use

The percentage of farms using no till, reduced tillage, or cover crops increased, while the percentage of farms using intensive tillage decreased from 2012 to 2017.
 
Tillage
2017 2012
Number of 
Farms

%
Number of 
Farms

%
No tillage 47 16 35 12
Reduced tillage 19 6 18 6
Intensive tillage 35 12 51 18
Cover crops 11 4 8 3
TOTAL 296   287  
Source: Census of Agriculture: Table 41 Land Use Practices
 

Producer Profile

The county producer population was younger than the Montana producer population. Thirty-seven percent of county producers were under 55 years of age, while 31% were over 65 years of age. Thirty-four percent of the Montana producer population were under 55, while 36% were over 65 years of age. Fifty-eight percent of producers in the county were males, while 60% of Montana producers were males. Farming was the primary occupation for 51% of county producers, while farming was the primary occupation for 50% of Montana producers.

Characteristics
County State
Number of 
Producers

%
Number of 
Producers

%
Age
18 -25 12 2 570 1
25 to 34 51 10 3,285 7
35 to 44 49 9 5,179 11
45 to 54 88 16 7,309 15
55 to 64 157 29 13,838 29
65 to 74 122 23 11,469 24
75 and older 43 8 5,587 12
Gender
Male 311 58 28,563 60
Female 223 42 18,673 40
Primary Occupation
Yes 272 51 23,847 50
No 262 49 24,314 50
TOTAL PRODUCERS 534 100 48,161 100

 

 

 

 

 

 

Source: Census of Agriculture: Table 45 Selected Operation and Producer Characteristics

Top Crops by Acre

 

The top crops were hay and haylage, spring and winter wheat, barley, and potatoes.

Top Crops by Acre-Broadwater

 Source: Census of Agriculture: Table 1: County Summary Highlights: 2017

Top Livestock

The top livestock were cattle, sheep, hogs, and poultry (chickens and turkeys).

Livestock
Number of Head
Cattle 23,154
Sheep 2,425
Chickens-Layers 820
Hogs 279
Chickens-Broilers 138
Turkeys 12

 

 

 

 

 




Source: Census of Agriculture: Tables 11 (Cattle), 13
(Sheep) and 19 (Poultry)

Employment Impact

Agricultural production employed 695 workers, or 27% of the county’s labor force.  According to IMPLAN, economic impact model, 508 of the workers were directly employed in production agriculture.  An additional 165 workers were employed in businesses supporting agricultural production, such as feed and fertilizer dealers, and another 22 workers were employed in other related businesses, such as grocery and drugs stores. For every 10 jobs on farms and ranches, 4 additional jobs are generated in the county.

 

Impact Type
Labor Force
Impact Multipliers
County Labor Force 2,584  
Direct Impact 508
Indirect Impact 165 0.32
Induced Impact 22 0.04
Total Impact 695 0.37
Agriculture Share (%) 27  

 

 

 

 

 

 


Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics, www.bls.gov/#cntyaa and IMPLAN Estimates  

Value Added Impacts


Farms and ranches generated $26.6 million of value-added, or 20% of the county’s total gross domestic product of $136 million in 2017.  According to IMPLAN, $17.9 million was directly contributed by farmers and ranchers.  An additional $7.4 million was generated by businesses supporting agricultural production and $1.4 million was generated by other related businesses.  Each dollar of value-added in agriculture by a farmer or rancher contributes an additional $0.49 of value-added in other sectors of the county’s economy.


Impact Type
Value - Added
($1 million)

Impact Multipliers
County GDP* 136.0  
Direct Impact** 17.9
Indirect Impact** 7.4 0.41
Induced Impact** 1.4 0.08
Total Impact** 26.6 0.49
Agriculture Share (%) 20  











Sources:  * St. Louis Federal Reserve Bank, ** IMPLAN Estimates 

References


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